POSITIVE PION PHOTOPRODUCTION FROM HYDROGEN FOR INCIDENT PHOTON ENERGIES 300-MEV - 750-MeV

Betourne, C. ; Bizot, J.C. ; Perez-y-Jorba, J.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 172 (1968) 1343-1353, 1968.
Inspire Record 52601 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29563

The differential cross section for the reaction γ+p→π+n was measured at 19 photon energies between 300 and 750 MeV in the laboratory frame, for pion angles between 0° and 130° in the c.m. system. The pions were analyzed in angle and momentum with a magnetic spectrometer and detected by a counter telescope. The 0° measurements could be achieved, in spite of the excessive positron rate, owing to a mass-spectrometer arrangement. No direct indication for the electromagnetic excitation of the P11 resonance (1466 MeV) was found. Comparison is made with theoretical calculations of π+ photoproduction.

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Production of Four Prong Final States in Photon-photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 37 (1988) 28, 1988.
Inspire Record 261630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3824

Results are presented on the exclusive production of four-prong final states in photon-photon collisions from the TPC/Two-Gamma detector at the SLAC e+e− storage ring PEP. Measurement of dE/dx and momentum in the time-projection chamber (TPC) provides identification of the final states 2π+2π−, K+K−π+π−, and 2K+2K−. For two quasireal incident photons, both the 2π+2π− and K+K−π+π− cross sections show a steep rise from threshold to a peak value, followed by a decrease at higher mass. Cross sections for the production of the final states ρ0ρ0, ρ0π+π−, and φπ+π− are presented, together with upper limits for φρ0, φφ, and K*0K¯ *0. The ρ0ρ0 contribution dominates the four-pion cross section at low masses, but falls to nearly zero above 2 GeV. Such behavior is inconsistent with expectations from vector dominance but can be accommodated by four-quark resonance models or by t-channel factorization. Angular distributions for the part of the data dominated by ρ0ρ0 final states are consistent with the production of JP=2+ or 0+ resonances but also with isotropic (nonresonant) production. When one of the virtual photons has mass (mγ2=-Q2≠0), the four-pion cross section is still dominated by ρ0ρ0 at low final-state masses Wγγ and by 2π+2π− at higher mass. Further, the dependence of the cross section on Q2 becomes increasingly flat as Wγγ increases.

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PRECISE MEASUREMENT OF THE PION CHARGE EXCHANGE FORWARD DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION AT 522-MEV/C

Gaille, F.C. ; Highland, V.L. ; Auerbach, L.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 30 (1984) 2408-2410, 1984.
Inspire Record 215121 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23596

A precise measurement of the differential cross section at zero degrees for the pion charge-exchange reaction π−p→π0n at pπ=522 MeV/c has been made. The result is dσdΩ (0∘)=4.32±0.11 mb/sr.

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Production of $K \bar{K}$ Pairs in Photon-photon Collisions and the Excitation of the Tensor Meson F-prime (1515)

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Brandelik, R. ; Braunschweig, W. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 121 (1983) 216-222, 1983.
Inspire Record 181468 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30814

We have observed exclusive production of K + K − and K S O K S O pairs and the excitation of the f′(1515) tensor meson in photon-photon collisions. Assuming the f′ to be production in a helicity 2 state, we determine Λ( f ′ → γγ) B( f ′ → K K ) = 0.11 ± 0.02 ± 0.04 keV . The non-strange quark of the f′ is found to be less than 3% (95% CL). For the θ(1640) we derive an upper limit for the product Λ(θ rarr; γγ K K ) < 0.03 keV (95% CL ) .

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Measurement of Differential Cross-Sections for Radiative Pion-Proton Capture in the Second Resonance Region

Weiss, A.J. ; Blasberg, D.J. ; Comiso, J.C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 101 (1975) 1-18, 1975.
Inspire Record 2234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36075

Differential cross-section measurements for π − p → γ n, consisting of three angular distributions at 618, 676 and 718 MeV/ c , and the energy dependence at θ γ = 90° for seven incident pion momenta between 502 and 888 MeV/ c , are presented. Our data qualitatively support recent multipole analyses. Agreement with the Scheffler et al. results for the inverse reaction, γ n → π − p, using a ( π − -recoil p) coincidence technique is good excluding a large violation of time reversal invariance. The agreement with γ n → π − p data obtained using the R ( π − / π + ) ratio technique or a deuterium bubble chamber is only qualitative.

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The total pair production cross-section of gamma-rays in hydrogen and deuterium

Rawlinson, W.R. ; Tait, N.R.S. ; Thompson, J.C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 45 (1972) 41-46, 1972.
Inspire Record 75026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32781

The total electromagnetic cross sections of g-rays in hydrogen and deuterium have been measured over the energy range 265–4215 MeV using a photon tagging system. From these measurements, the total pair production cross sections are obtained, and the results are found to be in good agreement with the predictions of Jost, Luttinger and Slotnick.

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The total photon deuteron hadronic cross-section in the energy range 0.265-4.215 gev

Armstrong, T.A. ; Hogg, W.R. ; Lewis, G.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 41 (1972) 445-473, 1972.
Inspire Record 75161 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32884

The total cross section for photoproduction of hadrons on the deutron, σ T d , has been measured for photon energies in the range 0.265–40215 GeV. From this, using results for the photon total cross section, obtained previously with the same apparatus, the neutron total cross section has been determined in the resonance region. The resonant structure is found to be quite different from that for the proton. Thereafter the neutron cross section falls off steadily with energy, and the values obtained are consistently lower than those for the proton. Forward scattering amplitudes have been evaluated for the deuteron.

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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in $\pi^- p$ Scattering at 291.5-{MeV} and 308-{MeV}

Alder, J.C. ; Perroud, J.P. ; Tran, M.T. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 23 (1978) 381, 1978.
Inspire Record 130236 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37401
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The $e^+e^- \to 3(\pi^+ \pi^-), 2(\pi^+ \pi^- \pi^0)$ and $K^+ K^- 2(\pi^+ \pi^-)$ cross sections at center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5-GeV measured with initial-state radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Barate, R. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 73 (2006) 052003, 2006.
Inspire Record 709730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41843

We study the processes e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-)gamma, 2(pi+pi-pi0)gamma and K+ K- 2(pi+pi-)gamma, with the photon radiated from the initial state. About 20,000, 33,000 and 4,000 fully reconstructed events, respectively, have been selected from 232 fb-1 of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e+e- center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct e+e- measurements. From the 3(pi+pi-), 2(pi+pi-pi0) and K+ K- 2(pi+pi-) mass spectra, the cross sections for the processes e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-), e+ e- --> 2(pi+pi-pi0) and e+ e- --> K+ K- 2(pi+pi-) are measured for center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5 GeV. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 6-15%. We observe the J/psi in all these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

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Measurement of $K^+ K^-$ Production in $\gamma \gamma$ Collisions

The ARGUS collaboration Albrecht, H. ; Glaser, R. ; Harder, G. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 48 (1990) 183-190, 1990.
Inspire Record 284561 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15151

The production of charged kaon pairs in two-photon interactions has been studied with the ARGUS detector and the topological cross section has been measured. The γγ-widths and interference parameters have been determined for the tensor mesonsf2 (1270),a2 (1318) andf′2 (1525). The helicity structure assumed for the continuum contribution has a significant effect on the result. Upper limits have been obtained for the γγ-widths of the glueball candidate statesf2 (1720) andX (2230).

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Search for Two Photon Production of Resonances Decaying Into $K \bar{K}$ and $K \bar{K} \pi$

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 29 (1985) 189, 1985.
Inspire Record 220941 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16018

An analysis of the production ofKS0KS0 andK±Ks0π∓ by two quasi-real photons is presented. The cross section forγγ→K0\(\overline {K^0 } \), which is given for the γγ invariant mass range fromK\(\bar K\) threshold to 2.5 GeV, is dominated by thef′(1525) resonance and an enhancement near theK\(\bar K\) threshold. Upper limits on the product of the two-photon width times the branching ratio intoK\(\bar K\) pairs are given forΘ(1700),h(2030), and ξ(2220). For exclusive two-photon production ofK±Ks0π∓ no significant signal was observed. Upper limits are given on the cross section ofγγ→K+\(\overline {K^0 } \)π− orK−K0π+ between 1.4 and 3.2 GeV and on the product of the γγ width times the branching ratio into theK\(\bar K\)π final states for theηc(2980) and the ι(1440), yieldingΓ(γγ)→i(1440))·BR(i(1440)→K\(\bar K\)π<2.2 keV at 95% C.L.

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Pion and Kaon Pair Production in Photon-Photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 57 (1986) 404, 1986.
Inspire Record 228072 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20204

We report measurements of the two-photon processes e+e−→e+e−π+π− and e+e−→e+e−K+K−, at an e+e− center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV. In the π+π− data a high-statistics analysis of the f(1270) results in a γγ width Γ(γγ→f)=3.2±0.4 keV. The π+π− continuum below the f mass is well described by a QED Born approximation, whereas above the f mass it is consistent with a QCD-model calculation if a large contribution from the f is assumed. For the K+K− data we find agreement of the high-mass continuum with the QCD prediction; limits on f′(1520) and θ(1720) formation are presented.

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Measurement of the Two Photon Reaction $\gamma \gamma \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ at Large Values of $Q^2$

The TASSO collaboration Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 41 (1988) 353-357, 1988.
Inspire Record 250570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15557

The process γγ→π+π−π+π− has been investigated in reactions of the typee+e−→e+e−π+π−π+π− in the single tag mode. The range of the four momentum squared of one of the virtual photons was 0.28 GeV2/c2≦Q2≦3.6 GeV2/c2, the average being 〈Q2〉=0.92 GeV2/c2; the other photon was quasi real. The reaction is mainly described by the channels γγ→ρ0ρ0 and γγ→4π (phase space), occuring with about equal probability. TheQ2-dependence of the cross section is in agreement with the ρ form factor.

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Study of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to K^+ K^-$ in the Energy Range 1350 $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 2400-{MeV}

The DM2 collaboration Bisello, D. ; Busetto, G. ; Castro, A. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 39 (1988) 13, 1988.
Inspire Record 262690 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15622

Thee+e−→K+K− cross section has been measured from about 750 events in the energy interval\(1350 \leqq \sqrt s\leqq 2400 MeV\) with the DM2 detector at DCI. TheK± form factor |FF±| cannot be explained by the ρ, ω, ϕ and ρ′(1600). An additional resonant amplitude at 1650 MeV has to be added as suggested by a previous experiment.

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Measurement of the Radiative Width of the A(2) (1320) in Two Photon Interactions

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 31 (1986) 537, 1986.
Inspire Record 228876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15859

The reactione+e−→e+e− A2 (1320) has been observed by detecting the decayA2→π+,π-π0. The two-photon width of theA2 has been measured to be Г(A2→γγ)=(0.09±0.27 (stat)±0.16 (syst)) keV. The cross section σ(γγ→π+,π-π0 has been determined outside theA2 resonance region.

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Inclusive Lambda(c)+ Production in e+ e- Annihilations at s**(1/2) = 10.54-GeV and in Upsilon(4S) Decays

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 75 (2007) 012003, 2007.
Inspire Record 725377 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22089

We present measurements of the total production rates and momentum distributions of the charmed baryon $\Lambda_c^+$ in $e^+e^- \to$ hadrons at a center-of-mass energy of 10.54 GeV and in $\Upsilon(4S)$ decays. In hadronic events at 10.54 GeV, charmed hadrons are almost exclusively leading particles in $e^+e^- \to c\bar{c}$ events, allowing direct studies of $c$-quark fragmentation. We measure a momentum distribution for $\Lambda_c^+$ baryons that differs significantly from those measured previously for charmed mesons. Comparing with a number of models, we find none that can describe the distribution completely. We measure an average scaled momentum of $\left< x_p \right> = 0.574\pm$0.009 and a total rate of $N_{\Lambda c}^{q\bar{q}} = 0.057\pm$0.002(exp.)$\pm$0.015(BF) $\Lambda_c^+$ per hadronic event, where the experimental error is much smaller than that due to the branching fraction into the reconstructed decay mode, $pK^-\pi^+$. In $\Upsilon (4S)$ decays we measure a total rate of $N_{\Lambda c}^{\Upsilon} = 0.091\pm$0.006(exp.)$\pm$0.024(BF) per $\Upsilon(4S)$ decay, and find a much softer momentum distribution than expected from B decays into a $\Lambda_c^+$ plus an antinucleon and one to three pions.

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The $e^+e^- \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$, $K^+ K^- \pi^+ \pi^-$, and $K^+ K^- K^+ K^-$ cross sections at center-of-mass energies 0.5-GeV - 4.5-GeV measured with initial-state radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Barate, R. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 71 (2005) 052001, 2005.
Inspire Record 676691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22111

We study the process $e^+e^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-\gamma$, with a hard photon radiated from the initial state. About 60,000 fully reconstructed events have been selected from 89 $fb^{-1}$ of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective \epem center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct $e^+e^-$ measurements. From the $4\pi$-mass spectrum, the cross section for the process $e^+e^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-$ is measured for center-of-mass energies from 0.6 to 4.5 $GeV/c^2$. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 5%. We also measure the cross sections for the final states $K^+ K^- \pi^+\pi^-$ and $K^+ K^- K^+ K^-$. We observe the $J/\psi$ in all three final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions. We search for X(3872) in $J/\psi (\to\mu^+\mu^-) \pi^+\pi^-$ and obtain an upper limit on the product of the $e^+e^-$ width of the X(3872) and the branching fraction for $X(3872) \to J/\psi\pi^+\pi^-$.

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Tensor Meson Excitation in the Reaction $\gamma \gamma \to K^0_S K^0_S$

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Lackas, W. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 37 (1988) 329, 1988.
Inspire Record 250982 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15690

In the analysis of the reactione+e−→e+e−KS0Ks0 clear evidence for exclusive γγ→f2′ resonance production is observed. The productΓγγ ·B(f2′→K\(\bar K\)) is measured to be 0.10−0.03−0.02+0.04+0.03 keV independent of ana priori assumption on the helicity structure. Our data are consistent with a pure helicity 2 contribution and we derive an upper limit for the ratioΓγγ(0)/Γγγ. The absence of events in the mass region around 1.3 GeV clearly proves destructivef2−a2 interference and allows to measure the relative phases betweenf2,a2 andf2′. Upper limits on the production of the glueball candidate statesf2(1720) andX(2230) as well as theKS0KS0-continuum are given.

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In-medium modifications of the pi pi interaction in photon induced reactions

Messchendorp, J.G ; Janssen, S. ; Kotulla, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 89 (2002) 222302, 2002.
Inspire Record 586889 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19419

Differential cross sections of the reactions $(\gamma,\pi^\circ\pi^\circ)$ and $(\gamma,\pi^\circ\pi^++\pi^\circ\pi^-)$ have been measured for several nuclei ($^1$H,$^{12}$C, and $^{\rm nat}$Pb) at an incident-photon energy of $E_{\gamma}$=400-460 MeV at the tagged-photon facility at MAMI-B using the TAPS spectrometer. A significant nuclear-mass dependence of the $\pi\pi$ invariant-mass distribution is found in the $\pi^\circ\pi^\circ$ channel. This dependence is not observed in the $\pi^\circ\pi^{+/-}$ channel and is consistent with an in-medium modification of the $\pi\pi$ interaction in the $I$=$J$=0 channel. The data are compared to $\pi$-induced measurements and to calculations within a chiral-unitary approach.

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Total hadronic cross-section of gamma rays in hydrogen in the energy range 0.265-GeV to 4.215-GeV

Armstrong, T.A. ; Hogg, W.R. ; Lewis, G.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 5 (1972) 1640-1652, 1972.
Inspire Record 67298 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22462

The total cross section of γ rays in hydrogen resulting in hadron production, σT, has been measured over the energy range 265-4215 MeV. A tagging system with narrow energy bins was employed. Structure in the resonance region followed by a steady fall with energy has been observed and the results are analyzed. The forward amplitude of γ-proton scattering is evaluated, and its behavior in the Argand diagram studied as a function of energy. The relationships of the measurements to Regge-pole theory and the vector-dominance model are detailed.

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Measurement of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \eta \pi^+ \pi^-$ in the Center-of-mass Energy Interval 1350-{MeV} to 2400-{MeV}

The DM2 collaboration Antonelli, A. ; Baldini, R. ; Calcaterra, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 212 (1988) 133-138, 1988.
Inspire Record 264144 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29912

The e + e − → ηπ + π − reaction has been measured in the center of mass energy interval 1350–2400 MeV by the magnetic detector DM2 at the Orsay storage ring DCI. Under the hypothesis of only one large resonance the cross section is not fit in a satisfactory way. The branching ratio τ − → η − π 0 ν τ =(0.13 ± 0.02)% is deduced via CVC from the above measurement.

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The Pion Electromagnetic Form-factor in the Timelike Energy Range 1.35-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 2.4-{GeV}

The DM2 collaboration Bisello, D. ; Busetto, G. ; Castro, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 220 (1989) 321-327, 1989.
Inspire Record 267118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29829

The e + e − → π + π − cross section has been measured from about 280 events (an order of magnitude more than the previous world statistics) in the energy interval 1.35 ⩽ s ⩽ 2.4 GeV with the DM2 detector at DCI. The pion squared form factor | F π | 2 shows a deep minimum around 1.6 GeV/ c 2 and is better fit under the hypothesis of two ϱ-like resonance ⋍0.25 GeV/ c 2 wide with 1.42 and 1.77 GeV/ c 2 masses.

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MEASUREMENT OF THE ASYMMETRY PARAMETER A IN PI- P ELASTIC AND CHARGE EXCHANGE SCATTERING AT PION ENERGIES T (PI) = 98-MEV, 238-MEV, 292-MEV, AND 310-MEV

Alder, J.c. ; Joseph, C. ; Perroud, J.p. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 27 (1983) 1040-1055, 1983.
Inspire Record 192365 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23839

The asymmetry parameter A in π−p elastic scattering at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies Tπ of 98, 238, and 2922 MeV and in π−p charge-exchange scattering π−p→π0n at Tπ=238, 292, and 310 MeV have been measured over a wide range of scattering angles (typically from about 60° to 130° c.m.) with a polarized proton target. The data have been used in an energy-independent phase-shift analysis to improve the precision of the pion-nucleon phase shifts, to set new limits on violation of isospin conservation in the pion-nucleon S wave, and to confirm significant charge dependence in the P32 wave.

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Photoproduction of Positive Pions in Hydrogen-Counter Telescope Method

Tollestrup, A.V. ; Keck, J.C. ; Worlock, R.M. ;
Phys.Rev. 99 (1955) 220-228, 1955.
Inspire Record 944929 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26395

The excitation functions for positive pion production from hydrogen have been obtained in the energy region from 230 Mev to 450 Mev and at laboratory pion angles of 24°, 38°, 53°, 73°, 93°, 115°, 140°, and 160°. The pions are detected and identified by measuring their range and ionization in a scintillation counter telescope. The above data are analyzed to give the angular distributions in the center-of-momentum system, and a least-squares analysis made to determine coefficients in σ(θ)=A+Bcosθ+Ccos2θ. The total cross section shows a peak at 300 Mev of magnitude 2.20×10−28 cm2. The coefficient B passes through a maximum negative value at 250 Mev and then passes through zero at 325 Mev and remains positive up to the highest energy measured.

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The e+ e- ---> 2(pi+ pi-) pi0, 2(pi+ pi-) eta, K+ K- pi+ pi- pi0 and K+ K- pi+ pi- eta Cross Sections Measured with Initial-State Radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 092005, 2007.
Inspire Record 758568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51824

We study the processes $e^+ e^-\to 2(\pi^+\pi^-)\pi^0\gamma$, $2(\pi^+\pi^-)\eta\gamma$, $K^+ K^-\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0\gamma$ and $K^+ K^-\pi^+\pi^-\eta\gamma$ with the hard photon radiated from the initial state. About 20000, 4300, 5500 and 375 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 232 fb$^{-1}$ of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective $e^+ e^-$ center-of-mass energy, so that the obtained cross sections from the threshold to about 5 GeV can be compared with corresponding direct \epem measurements, currently available only for the $\eta\pi^+\pi^-$ and $\omega\pi^+\pi^-$ submodes of the $e^+ e^-\to 2(\pi^+\pi^-)\pi^0$ channel. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from $e^+ e^-\to\omega(782)\pi^+\pi^-$ and study the $\omega(1420)$ and $\omega(1650)$ resonances. In the charmonium region, we observe the $J/\psi$ in all these final states and several intermediate states, as well as the $\psi(2S)$ in some modes, and we measure the corresponding branching fractions.

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