Pi p elastic scattering from 88 to 292 mev

Bussey, P.J. ; Carter, J.R. ; Dance, D.R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 58 (1973) 363-377, 1973.
Inspire Record 83985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6770

Differential cross sections for π + p and π − p elastic scattering have been measured with an accuracy of typically ±2% at 10 and 9 energies respectively in the range 88 to 292 MeV of lab kinetic energy.

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Structure of the Proton

Chambers, E.E. ; Hofstadter, R. ;
Phys.Rev. 103 (1956) 1454-1463, 1956.
Inspire Record 945003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26939

The structure and size of the proton have been studied by means of high-energy electron scattering. The elastic scattering of electrons from protons in polyethylene has been investigated at the following energies in the laboratory system: 200, 300, 400, 500, and 550 Mev. The range of laboratory angles examined has been 30° to 135°. At the largest angles and the highest energy, the cross section for scattering shows a deviation below that expected from a point proton by a factor of about nine. The magnitude and variation with angle of the deviations determine a structure factor for the proton, and thereby determine the size and shape of the charge and magnetic-moment distributions within the proton. An interpretation, consistent at all energies and angles and agreeing with earlier results from this laboratory, fixes the rms radius at (0.77±0.10) ×10−13 cm for each of the charge and moment distributions. The shape of the density function is not far from a Gaussian with rms radius 0.70×10−13 cm or an exponential with rms radius 0.80×10−13 cm. An equivalent interpretation of the experiments would ascribe the apparent size to a breakdown of the Coulomb law and the conventional theory of electromagnetism.

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Total hadronic cross-section of gamma rays in hydrogen in the energy range 0.265-GeV to 4.215-GeV

Armstrong, T.A. ; Hogg, W.R. ; Lewis, G.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 5 (1972) 1640-1652, 1972.
Inspire Record 67298 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22462

The total cross section of γ rays in hydrogen resulting in hadron production, σT, has been measured over the energy range 265-4215 MeV. A tagging system with narrow energy bins was employed. Structure in the resonance region followed by a steady fall with energy has been observed and the results are analyzed. The forward amplitude of γ-proton scattering is evaluated, and its behavior in the Argand diagram studied as a function of energy. The relationships of the measurements to Regge-pole theory and the vector-dominance model are detailed.

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Polarized target asymmetry in pion proton bremsstrahlung at 298-MeV

Bosshard, A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bistirlich, J.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2619-2622, 1990.
Inspire Record 303404 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22827

First data are presented for the polarized-target asymmetry in the reaction π+p→π+pγ at an incident pion energy of 298 MeV. The geometry was chosen to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation of the magnetic dipole moment μΔ of the Δ++(1232 MeV). A fit of the asymmetry in the cross section d5σ/dΩπ dΩγ dk as a function of the photon energy k to predictions from a recent isobar-model calculation with μΔ as the only free parameter yields μΔ=1.64(±0.19expΔ,±0.14 theor)μp. Though this value agrees with bag-model corrections to the SU(6) prediction μΔ=2μp, further clarifications on the model dependence of the result are needed, in particular since the isobar model fails to describe both the cross section and the asymmetry at the highest photon energies.

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Elastic Scattering of Negative Pions by Protons at 230, 290, 370, and 427 Mev

Goodwin, Lester K. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; Perez-Mendez, Victor ;
Phys.Rev. 122 (1961) 655-664, 1961.
Inspire Record 944985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26809

The elastic differential cross section for the scattering of negative pions by hydrogen was measured at laboratory-system pion kinetic energies of 230, 290, 370, and 427 Mev. The elastically scattered pions were detected by a counter telescope which discriminated against recoil protons and inelastic pions on the basis of range. Differential cross sections were obtained at nine angles for each energy and were fitted by a least-squares program to a series of Legendre polynomials. At the three higher energies, D waves are required to give satisfactory fits to the data. The real parts of the forward-scattering amplitudes calculated from this experiment are in agreement with the predictions of dispersion theory. The results of this experiment, in conjunction with data from other pion-nucleon scattering experiments, support the hypothesis of charge independence at these higher energies.

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Spin rotation parameters A and R for pi+ p and pi- p elastic scattering from 427-MeV/c to 657-MeV/c

Supek, I. ; Barlow, D.B. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 47 (1993) 1762-1775, 1993.
Inspire Record 362062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22623

The spin-rotation parameters A and R and the related spin-rotation angle β have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering using protons polarized in the scattering plane. The pion-beam momenta are 427, 471, 547, 625, and 657 MeV/c and the angular range is −0.9≤cosΘc.m.≤0.3. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence, using a scintillator hodoscope for the pions, and the Large Acceptance Spectrometer combined with the JANUS polarimeter for the recoil protons. The results are compared with the four recent πN partial wave analyses (PWA's). Our data show that the major features of these PWA's are correct. The A and R measurements complete our program of pion-nucleon experiments, providing full data sets at three of the above beam momenta. Such sets can be used to test the constraints in the PWA's or to obtain a model-independent set of πN scattering amplitudes.

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A MEASUREMENT OF THE ANALYZING POWER FOR PION - PROTON ELASTIC SCATTERING BETWEEN 471-MeV/c AND 687-MeV/c

Mokhtari-Amirmajdi, Alireza ;
PhD Thesis, 1985.
Inspire Record 217838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23514
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Measurement of Polarization in pi-p Elastic Scattering from 229 to 390 MeV

Arens, John F. ; Chamberlain, Owen ; Dost, Helmut E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 167 (1968) 1261-1267, 1968.
Inspire Record 944940 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26509

The polarization parameter in elastic π−p scattering has been measured, at the Berkeley 184-in. synchrocyclotron, with the use of a polarized proton target. At 318-, 337-, and 390-MeV incident pion kinetic energy, the angular range from 70° to 180° in the center-of-mass system was covered. At 229 MeV, polarization measurements were made in the angular range 150° to 180°. Phase-shift analyses, using these and other published data, were made at the two lowest energies.

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MEASUREMENT OF THE ASYMMETRY PARAMETER A IN PI- P ELASTIC AND CHARGE EXCHANGE SCATTERING AT PION ENERGIES T (PI) = 98-MEV, 238-MEV, 292-MEV, AND 310-MEV

Alder, J.c. ; Joseph, C. ; Perroud, J.p. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 27 (1983) 1040-1055, 1983.
Inspire Record 192365 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23839

The asymmetry parameter A in π−p elastic scattering at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies Tπ of 98, 238, and 2922 MeV and in π−p charge-exchange scattering π−p→π0n at Tπ=238, 292, and 310 MeV have been measured over a wide range of scattering angles (typically from about 60° to 130° c.m.) with a polarized proton target. The data have been used in an energy-independent phase-shift analysis to improve the precision of the pion-nucleon phase shifts, to set new limits on violation of isospin conservation in the pion-nucleon S wave, and to confirm significant charge dependence in the P32 wave.

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Measurement of Neutrino - Proton and anti-neutrino - Proton Elastic Scattering

Ahrens, L.A. ; Aronson, S.H. ; Connolly, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 785, 1987.
Inspire Record 18763 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23350

Measurements of the semileptonic weak-neutral-current reactions νμp→νμp and ν¯μp→ν¯μp are presented. The experiment was performed using a 170-metric-ton high-resolution target detector in the BNL wide-band neutrino beam. High-statistics samples yield the absolute differential cross sections dσ(νμp)/dQ2 and dσ(ν¯μp)/dQ2. A measurement of the axial-vector form factor GA(Q2) is also presented. The results are in good agreement with the standard model SU(2)×U(1). The weak-neutral-current parameter sin2thetaW is determined to be sin2θW=0.220±0.016(stat)−0.031+0.023(syst).

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Recoil Proton Polarization in $\pi P$ Elastic Scattering at 547-{MeV}/c and 625-{MeV}/c

Seftor, C.J. ; Adrian, S.D. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2457-2463, 1989.
Inspire Record 282265 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23234

The polarization of the recoil proton in π+p and π−p elastic scattering using a liquid-hydrogen target has been measured for backward angles at 547 and 625 MeV/c. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using the large-acceptance spectrometer to detect and analyze the momentum of the pions and the JANUS polarimeter to identify and measure the polarization of the protons. Results from this experiment agree with other measurements of the recoil polarization, with analyzing-power data previously taken by this group, and with predictions of partial-wave analyses.

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Differential Cross-sections for $\pi^+ P$ and $\pi^- P$ Elastic Scattering From 378-{MeV}/c to 687-{MeV}/c

Sadler, M.E. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; Fitzgerald, D.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 2718-2735, 1987.
Inspire Record 250023 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23362

Differential cross sections have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering at 378, 408, 427, 471, 509, 547, 586, 625, 657, and 687 MeV/c in the angular range -0.8<cosθc.m.<0.8. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using scintillation-counter hodoscopes. A liquid-hydrogen target was used except for measurements at forward angles, in which a CH2 target was used. Statistical uncertainties in the data are typically less than 1%. Systematic uncertainties in acceptance and detection efficiency are estimated to be 1%. Absolute normalization uncertainties are 2–3 % for most of the data. The measurements are compared with previous data and with the results of recent partial-wave analyses. The data are fit with Legendre expansions from which total elastic cross sections are obtained.

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Differential Cross-Sections of the Proton Compton Scattering in the Energy Between 450-MeV and 950-MeV

Toshioka, K. ; Chiba, M. ; Kato, S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 141 (1978) 364-378, 1978.
Inspire Record 120614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34955

The differential cross sections of the proton Compton scattering around the second resonance have been measured at a c.m. angle of 90° for incident photon energies between 450 MeV and 950 MeV in steps of 50 MeV, and at an angle of 60° for energies between 600 MeV and 800 MeV. The results show that the peak of the 2nd resonance agrees with that of the pion photoproduction process. We also calculated the proton Compton scattering based on unitarity and fixed- t dispersion relations. The calculation describes well the data of the cross section and the recoil proton polarization.

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First observation of Sigma- e- elastic scattering in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at CERN

The WA89 collaboration Adamovich, M.I. ; Aleksandrov, Yu.A. ; Barberis, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 8 (1999) 59-66, 1999.
Inspire Record 500379 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43061

We have investigated the elastic scattering of high energy $\Sigma^-$ off electrons from carbon and copper targets using the CERN hyperon beam. Scattering events a

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Study of the process e+e-\to \mu+\mu- in the energy region \sqrt{s}=980, 1040 -- 1380 MeV

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Beloborodov, K.I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 79 (2009) 112012, 2009.
Inspire Record 798415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50493

The cross section of the process e+e-\to\mu+\mu- was measured in the SND experiment at the VEPP-2M e+e- collider in the energy region \sqrt{s}=980, 1040 -- 1380 MeV. The event numbers of the process e+e-\to\mu+\mu- were normalized to the integrated luminosity measured using e+e-\to e+e- and e+e-\to\gamma\gamma processes. The ratio of the measured cross section to the theoretically predicted value is 1.006\pm 0.007 \pm 0.016 and 1.005 \pm 0.007 \pm 0.018 in the first and second case respectively. Using results of the measurements, the electromagnetic running coupling constant \alpha in the energy region \sqrt{s}=1040 -- 1380 MeV was obtained <1/\alpha> = 134.1\pm 0.5 \pm 1.2 and this is in agreement with theoretical expectation.

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Elastic scattering of 360 MeV positive $\pi$ mesons by protons

Mitin, N.A. ; Grigor'ev, E.L. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 5 (1957) 378, 1957.
Inspire Record 1387578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39796

Photographic plates were used to study the angular distribotion of 360 plus or minus 10 Mev pi /sup +/ mesons elastically scattered by protons. The differential cross sections derived from 218 scattering events for SP analysis and for SPD analysis are given. The phase shifts which correspond to these distributions are also given.

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PROTON COMPTON SCATTERING AT BACKWARD ANGLES IN THE ENERGY RANGE FROM 400-MeV TO 1050-MEV

Wada, Y. ; Egawa, K. ; Imanishi, A. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 247 (1984) 313-338, 1984.
Inspire Record 215373 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33842

Differential cross sections of proton Compton scattering have been measured in the energy range between 400 MeV and 1050 MeV at C.M.S. angles of 150° and 160°.

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Compton scattering by the proton through Theta(CMS) = 75-degrees and 90-degrees in the Delta resonance region

Hünger, A ; Peise, J ; Robbiano, A ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 620 (1997) 385-416, 1997.
Inspire Record 458618 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36349

Differential cross sections for Compton scattering by the proton have been measured in the energy interval between 200 and 500 MeV at scattering angles of θ cms = 75° and θ cms = 90° using the CATS, the CATS/TRAJAN, and the COPP setups with the Glasgow Tagger at MAMI (Mainz). The data are compared with predictions from dispersion theory using photo-meson amplitudes from the recent VPI solution SM95. The experiment and the theoretical procedure are described in detail. It is found that the experiment and predictions are in agreement as far as the energy dependence of the differential cross sections in the Δ-range is concerned. However, there is evidence that a scaling down of the resonance part of the M 1+ 3 2 photo-meson amplitude by (2.8 ± 0.9)% is required in comparison with the VPI analysis. The deduced value of the M 1+ 3 2 - photoproduction amplitude at the resonance energy of 320 MeV is: |M 1+ 3 2 | = (39.6 ± 0.4) × 10 −3 m π + −1 .

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Measurement of the Sigma- Charge Radius by Sigma- Electron Elastic Scattering

The SELEX collaboration Gough Eschrich, Ivo M. ; Kruger, H. ; Simon, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 522 (2001) 233-239, 2001.
Inspire Record 558329 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42898

The Sigma^- mean squared charge radius has been measured in the space-like Q^2 range 0.035-0.105 GeV^2/c^2 by elastic scattering of a Sigma^- beam off atomic electrons. The measurement was performed with the SELEX (E781) spectrometer using the Fermilab hyperon beam at a mean energy of 610 GeV/c. We obtain <r^2> = (0.61 +/- 0.12 (stat.) +/- 0.09 (syst.)) fm^2. The proton and pi^- charge radii were measured as well and are consistent with results of other experiments. Our result agrees with the recently measured strong interaction radius of the Sigma^-.

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Quasifree Compton scattering and the polarizabilities of the neutron

Kossert, K. ; Camen, M. ; Wissmann, F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 16 (2003) 259-273, 2003.
Inspire Record 599960 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43752

Differential cross sections for quasi-free Compton scattering from the proton and neutron bound in the deuteron have been measured using the Glasgow/Mainz tagging spectrometer at the Mainz MAMI accelerator together with the Mainz 48 cm $\oslash$ $\times$ 64 cm NaI(Tl) photon detector and the G\"ottingen SENECA recoil detector. The data cover photon energies ranging from 200 MeV to 400 MeV at $\theta^{LAB}_\gamma=136.2^\circ$. Liquid deuterium and hydrogen targets allowed direct comparison of free and quasi-free scattering from the proton. The neutron detection efficiency of the SENECA detector was measured via the reaction $p(\gamma,\pi^+ n)$. The "free" proton Compton scattering cross sections extracted from the bound proton data are in reasonable agreement with those for the free proton which gives confidence in the method to extract the differential cross section for free scattering from quasi-free data. Differential cross sections on the free neutron have been extracted and the difference of the electromagnetic polarizabilities of the neutron have been obtained to be $\alpha-\beta= 9.8\pm 3.6(stat){}^{2.1}_1.1(syst)\pm 2.2(model)$ in units $10^{-4}fm^3$. In combination with the polarizability sum $\alpha +\beta=15.2\pm 0.5$ deduced from photoabsorption data, the neutron electric and magnetic polarizabilities, $\alpha_n=12.5\pm 1.8(stat){}^{+1.1}_{-0.6}\pm 1.1(model)$ and $\beta_n=2.7\mp 1.8(stat){}^{+0.6}_{-1.1}(syst)\mp 1.1(model)$ are obtained. The backward spin polarizability of the neutron was determined to be $\gamma^{(n)}_\pi=(58.6\pm 4.0)\times 10^{-4}fm^4$.

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Differential Cross-sections of the Proton Compton Scattering in the Resonance Region

Ishii, T. ; Egawa, K. ; Kato, S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 165 (1980) 189-208, 1980.
Inspire Record 142130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34584

Differential cross sections of proton Compton scattering have been measured in the energy range between 375 MeV and 1150 MeV in steps of 25 MeV at c.m. angles of 130°, 100° and 70°. The recoil proton was detected with a magnetic spectrometer. In coincidence with the proton, the scattered photon was detected with a lead-glass Čerenkov counter of the total absorption type.

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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in $\pi^- p$ Scattering at 291.5-{MeV} and 308-{MeV}

Alder, J.C. ; Perroud, J.P. ; Tran, M.T. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 23 (1978) 381, 1978.
Inspire Record 130236 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37401
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Contribution to the study of the interactions $\pi^{-}$p at 407 and 493 MeV : determination of cross sections of charged tracks, phase shift analysis in the elastic channel.

Derre, J. ;
PhD Thesis, Acad. Sci., Paris, 1969.
Inspire Record 1345881 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39913
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Differential Cross-Sections for pi- p and pi+ p Elastic Scattering Between 400-GeV/c and 590-MeV/c

Gordeev, V.A. ; Koptev, V.P. ; Kruglov, S.P. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 24 (1976) 1144-1151, 1976.
Inspire Record 113036 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18345
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SCATTERING OF POSITIVE PIONS ON PROTONS AT 310-MEV: RECOIL NUCLEON POLARIZATION AND PHASE SHIFT ANALYSIS

Foote, James Herbert ;
PhD Thesis, 1960.
Inspire Record 44312 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18619
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