ELECTROPRODUCTION CROSS-SECTIONS IN THE RESONANCE REGION MEASURED AT LARGE SCATTERING ANGLES

Gerhardt, B. ; Muller, H. ; Drees, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 7 (1980) 11-15, 1980.
Inspire Record 160216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14097

To complete data on resonance electroproduction we constructed an electron spectrometer with large angular and momentum acceptance. As a first result inclusive cross sections for an invariant hadronic mass 1.2<W<1.7 GeV and a four momentum transfer squared 0.5<Q2<1.5 (GeV/c)2 and for values of the polarization parameter 0.1<ɛ<0.25 are presented. Combining our results with the SLAC 4°-data we obtain σL/σT in the specified kinematical range.

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Structure of the Proton

Chambers, E.E. ; Hofstadter, R. ;
Phys.Rev. 103 (1956) 1454-1463, 1956.
Inspire Record 945003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26939

The structure and size of the proton have been studied by means of high-energy electron scattering. The elastic scattering of electrons from protons in polyethylene has been investigated at the following energies in the laboratory system: 200, 300, 400, 500, and 550 Mev. The range of laboratory angles examined has been 30° to 135°. At the largest angles and the highest energy, the cross section for scattering shows a deviation below that expected from a point proton by a factor of about nine. The magnitude and variation with angle of the deviations determine a structure factor for the proton, and thereby determine the size and shape of the charge and magnetic-moment distributions within the proton. An interpretation, consistent at all energies and angles and agreeing with earlier results from this laboratory, fixes the rms radius at (0.77±0.10) ×10−13 cm for each of the charge and moment distributions. The shape of the density function is not far from a Gaussian with rms radius 0.70×10−13 cm or an exponential with rms radius 0.80×10−13 cm. An equivalent interpretation of the experiments would ascribe the apparent size to a breakdown of the Coulomb law and the conventional theory of electromagnetism.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> eta gamma in center-of-mass energy range 600-MeV to 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Anashkin, E.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 509 (2001) 217-226, 2001.
Inspire Record 554522 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27025

The cross section of the process e+ e- ---> eta gamma has been measured in the 600-1380 MeV c.m. energy range with the CMD-2 detector. The following branching ratios have been determined: B(rho ---> eta gamma) = (3.28 +- 0.37 +- 0.23) 10^{-4}, B(omega ---> eta gamma) = (5.10 +- 0.72 +- 0.34) 10^{-4}, B(phi --> eta gamma) = (1.287 +- 0.013 +- 0.063) 10^{-2}. Evidence for the rho'(1450) ---> eta gamma decay has been obtained for the first time.

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FORWARD ELECTROPRODUCTION OF CHARGED PIONS FROM DEUTERONS AT Q**2 = 1.0-GeV/c**2

Morris, J.V. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 86 (1979) 211-214, 1979.
Inspire Record 140702 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27310

The ratio of π - to π + electroproduction cross sections from deuterium has been measured in the resonance region, at a four-momentum transfer squared close to −1.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Results in the forward direction are presented and a comparison is made with predictions based on SU(6) W and the Melosh transformation.

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Forward Electroproduction of Single Charged Pions in the Resonance Region Using a Deuterium Target

Morris, J.V. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 73 (1978) 495-499, 1978.
Inspire Record 122614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27480

The rates for forward electroproduction of single charged pions from deutrium have been measured in the resonance region, at a virtual photon mass squared ≈−0.5( GeV/ c 2 ) 2 . Results are presented in the form of a π − to π + cross-section ratio.

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Measurement of the polarized structure function sigma(LT-prime) for pion electroproduction in the Roper resonance region

The CLAS collaboration Joo, K. ; Smith, L.C. ; Aznauryan, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 72 (2005) 058202, 2005.
Inspire Record 681275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25214

The polarized longitudinal-transverse structure function $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ measures the interference between real and imaginary amplitudes in pion electroproduction and can be used to probe the coupling between resonant and non-resonant processes. We report new measurements of $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ in the $N(1440){1/2}^+$ (Roper) resonance region at $Q^2=0.40$ and 0.65 GeV$^2$ for both the $\pi^0 p$ and $\pi^+ n$ channels. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) using longitudinally polarized electrons at a beam energy of 1.515 GeV. Complete angular distributions were obtained and are compared to recent phenomenological models. The $\sigma_{LT^\prime}(\pi^+ n)$ channel shows a large sensitivity to the Roper resonance multipoles $M_{1-}$ and $S_{1-}$ and provides new constraints on models of resonance formation.

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Measurements of the Deuteron and Proton Magnetic Form-factors at Large Momentum Transfers

Bosted, Peter E. ; Katramatou, A.T. ; Arnold, R.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 42 (1990) 38-64, 1990.
Inspire Record 283632 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26165

Measurements of the deuteron elastic magnetic structure function B(Q2) are reported at squared four-momentum transfer values 1.20≤Q2≤2.77 (GeV/c)2. Also reported are values for the proton magnetic form factor GMp(Q2) at 11 Q2 values between 0.49 and 1.75 (GeV/c)2. The data were obtained using an electron beam of 0.5 to 1.3 GeV. Electrons backscattered near 180° were detected in coincidence with deuterons or protons recoiling near 0° in a large solid-angle double-arm spectrometer system. The data for B(Q2) are found to decrease rapidly from Q2=1.2 to 2 (GeV/c)2, and then rise to a secondary maximum around Q2=2.5 (GeV/c)2. Reasonable agreement is found with several different models, including those in the relativistic impulse approximation, nonrelativistic calculations that include meson-exchange currents, isobar configurations, and six-quark configurations, and one calculation based on the Skyrme model. All calculations are very sensitive to the choice of deuteron wave function and nucleon form factor parametrization. The data for GMp(Q2) are in good agreement with the empirical dipole fit.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> pi+ pi- pi+ pi- pi0 with CMD-2 detector

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Anashkin, E.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 489 (2000) 125-130, 2000.
Inspire Record 532970 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28019

The process e+e- to pi+ pi- pi+ pi- pi0 has been studied in the center of mass energy range 1280 -- 1380 MeV using 3.0 1/pb of data collected with the CMD-2 detector in Novosibirsk. Analysis shows that the cross section of the five pion production is dominated by the contributions of the eta pi+pi- and omega pi+pi- intermediate states.

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Backward-angle electron-proton elastic scattering and proton electromagnetic form-factors

Price, L.E. ; Dunning, J.R. ; Goitein, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 4 (1971) 45-53, 1971.
Inspire Record 67836 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23074

Elastic electron-proton scattering cross sections were measured at backward angles (80°-90°) in the laboratory for four-momentum transfers between 7 F−2 and 45 F−2. Experimental errors range from 3.1% to 5.3%, including a systematic error estimated to be 1.9% added in quadrature. Electric and magnetic form factors are computed from all the recent data in this q2 range, with allowance made for possible normalization differences. The results show a deviation from the scaling law.

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Proton form factors from elastic electron-proton scattering

Janssens, T. ; Hofstadter, R. ; Hughes, E.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 142 (1966) 922-931, 1966.
Inspire Record 49127 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26698

Absolute measurements of the elastic electron-proton cross section have been made with a precision of about 4% for values of the square of the four-momentum transfer, q2, in the range 6.0 to 30.0 F−2 and for electron scattering angles in the range 45° to 145°. To within the experimental errors, it is found that the charge and magnetic form factors of the proton have a common dependence on q2 when normalized to unity at q2=0, and that an accurate representation of the behavior of the form factor and that of the cross sections themselves can be given in terms of a three-pole approximation to the dispersion theory of nucleon form factors.

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Electromagnetic Form Factors of the Proton

Bumiller, F. ; Croissiaux, M. ; Dally, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 124 (1961) 1623-1631, 1961.
Inspire Record 47220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26853

This paper reports experimental findings on the Dirac (F1) and Pauli (F2) form factors of the proton. The form factors have been obtained by using the Rosenbluth formula and the method of intersecting ellipses in analyzing the elastic electron-proton scattering cross sections. A range of energies covering the interval 200-1000 Mev for the incident electrons is explored. Scattering angles vary from 35° to 145°. Values as high as q2≅31 f−2 (q=energy−momentumtransfer) are investigated, but form factors can be reliably determined only up to about q2=25 f−2. Splitting of the form factors is confirmed. The newly measured data are in good agreement with earlier Stanford data on the form factors and also with the predictions of a recent theoretical model of the proton. Consistency in determining the values of the form factors at different energies and angles gives support to the techniques of quantum electrodynamics up to q2≅25 f−2. At the extreme conditions of this experiment (975 Mev, 145°) the behavior of the form factors may be exhibiting some anomaly.

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ELECTROPRODUCTION OF PI DELTA AND OTHER NONDIFFRACTIVE FINAL STATES

Day, C.T. ; Harding, D.J. ; Klinger, J.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 23 (1981) 576-586, 1981.
Inspire Record 166699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24078

This paper reports the results of an experiment measuring the parameters of various electroproduction reactions for a range in the electroproduction variables 0.7<Q2<4 GeV2 and 2<W2<16 GeV2. This report is limited to nondiffractive exclusive channels, with detailed results regarding the πΔ final states, statistically limited results for KΛ final states, and upper limits on the production of a number of event topologies containing a single unseen neutral particle.

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Backward electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer squared Q**2 = 1.0-GeV**2

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045203, 2004.
Inspire Record 625669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25226

Exclusive electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the backward hemisphere has been studied at Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2 by detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total (gamma* p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production threshold to W = 2.0 GeV. The differential cross sections sigma_T+epsilon*sigma_L, sigma_TL, and sigma_TT were separated from the azimuthal distribution and are presented together with the MAID and SAID parametrizations.

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The total pair production cross-section of gamma-rays in hydrogen and deuterium

Rawlinson, W.R. ; Tait, N.R.S. ; Thompson, J.C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 45 (1972) 41-46, 1972.
Inspire Record 75026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32781

The total electromagnetic cross sections of g-rays in hydrogen and deuterium have been measured over the energy range 265–4215 MeV using a photon tagging system. From these measurements, the total pair production cross sections are obtained, and the results are found to be in good agreement with the predictions of Jost, Luttinger and Slotnick.

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OBSERVATION OF INVERSE ELECTROPRODUCTION OF PIONS ON C-12 NUCLEUS AT 164-MeV PION ENERGY AND DETERMINATION OF F1(v) NUCLEON FORM-FACTOR

Alekseev, G.D. ; Blokhintseva, T.D. ; Karpukhin, V.V. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 46 (1987) 801, 1987.
Inspire Record 247868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38865
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Study of the processes e+ e- ---> eta gamma, pi0 gamma ---> 3 gamma in the c.m. energy range 600-MeV to 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Banzarov, V.Sh. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 605 (2005) 26-36, 2005.
Inspire Record 658856 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41864

The processes e+ e- --> eta gamma, e+ e- --> pi0 gamma --> 3 gamma have been studied in the c.m. energy range 600--1380 MeV with the CMD-2 detector. The following branching ratios have been determined: Br(rho --> eta gamma) = (3.21 +- 1.39 +- 0.20)x 10^{-4}; Br(omega --> eta gamma) = (4.44 + 2.29 -1.83 +- 0.28)x 10^{-4}; Br(phi --> eta gamma) = (1.373 +- 0.014 +- 0.085)x 10^{-2}; Br(rho --> pi0 gamma) = (6.21 +1.28 - 1.18 +- 0.39)x 10^{-4}; Br(omega --> pi0 gamma) = (9.06 +- 0.20 +- 0.57)x 10^{-2}; Br(phi --> pi0 gamma) = (1.258 +- 0.037 +- 0.077)x 10^{-3};

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First observation of Sigma- e- elastic scattering in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at CERN

The WA89 collaboration Adamovich, M.I. ; Aleksandrov, Yu.A. ; Barberis, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 8 (1999) 59-66, 1999.
Inspire Record 500379 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43061

We have investigated the elastic scattering of high energy $\Sigma^-$ off electrons from carbon and copper targets using the CERN hyperon beam. Scattering events a

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Observation of Spin Parity 2+ Dominance in the Reaction $\gamma \gamma \to \rho^0 \rho^0$ Near Threshold

The ARGUS collaboration Albrecht, H. ; Ehrlichmann, H. ; Glaser, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 50 (1991) 1-10, 1991.
Inspire Record 296187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.45136

The reactionγγ→π+π−π+π− has been studied with the ARGUS detector. The rate in the invariant mass region below 1.8 GeV/c2 is found to be largely due toρ0ρ0 production. A spin-parity analysis shows a dominance of the partial wave (JP,Jz)=(2+, 2) with a small admixture fromJP=0+. The contribution of negative parity states is consistent with zero. The large ratio of cross sectionsσ(γγ→ρ0ρ0)/σ(γγ→ρ+ρ−)≃4, and the dominance of theJP=2+ wave in the reactionγγ→ρ0ρ0 is a signature consistent with the production of an exotic (I=2) resonance.

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Measurements of $e^{+} e^{-} \to K^{+} K^{-} \eta$, $K^{+} K^{-} \pi^0$ and $K^0_{s} K^\pm \pi^\mp$ cross- sections using initial state radiation events

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 77 (2008) 092002, 2008.
Inspire Record 765258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50372

This paper reports measurements of processes: e+e- -> gamma KsK+pi-, e+e- -> gamma K+K-pi0, e+e- -> gamma phi eta, and e+e- -> gamma phi pi0. The initial state radiated photon allows to cover the hadronic final state in the energy range from thresholds up to ~4.6 GeV. The overall size of the data sample analyzed is 232 fb-1, collected by the BaBar detector running at the PEP-II e+e- storage ring. From the Dalitz plot analysis of the KsK+pi- final state, moduli and relative phase of the isoscalar and the isovector components of the e+e- -> K K*(892) cross section are determined. Parameters of phi and rho recurrences are also measured, using a global fitting procedure which exploits the interconnection among amplitudes, moduli and phases of the e+e- -> KsK+pi-, K+K-pi0, phi eta final states. The cross section for the OZI-forbidden process e+e- -> phi pi0, and the J/psi branching fractions to KK*(892) and K+K-eta are also measured.

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Experiments at VEPP-2M with SND detector

The SND collaboration Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Baru, S.E. ; et al.
1998.
Inspire Record 476386 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50374

Short overview of experiments with SND detector at VEPP-2M e^+e^- collider in the energy range 2E = 400 - 1400 MeV and preliminary results of data analysis are presented.

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Study of the process e+e-\to \mu+\mu- in the energy region \sqrt{s}=980, 1040 -- 1380 MeV

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Beloborodov, K.I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 79 (2009) 112012, 2009.
Inspire Record 798415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50493

The cross section of the process e+e-\to\mu+\mu- was measured in the SND experiment at the VEPP-2M e+e- collider in the energy region \sqrt{s}=980, 1040 -- 1380 MeV. The event numbers of the process e+e-\to\mu+\mu- were normalized to the integrated luminosity measured using e+e-\to e+e- and e+e-\to\gamma\gamma processes. The ratio of the measured cross section to the theoretically predicted value is 1.006\pm 0.007 \pm 0.016 and 1.005 \pm 0.007 \pm 0.018 in the first and second case respectively. Using results of the measurements, the electromagnetic running coupling constant \alpha in the energy region \sqrt{s}=1040 -- 1380 MeV was obtained <1/\alpha> = 134.1\pm 0.5 \pm 1.2 and this is in agreement with theoretical expectation.

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The e+ e- ---> 2(pi+ pi-) pi0, 2(pi+ pi-) eta, K+ K- pi+ pi- pi0 and K+ K- pi+ pi- eta Cross Sections Measured with Initial-State Radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 092005, 2007.
Inspire Record 758568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51824

We study the processes $e^+ e^-\to 2(\pi^+\pi^-)\pi^0\gamma$, $2(\pi^+\pi^-)\eta\gamma$, $K^+ K^-\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0\gamma$ and $K^+ K^-\pi^+\pi^-\eta\gamma$ with the hard photon radiated from the initial state. About 20000, 4300, 5500 and 375 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 232 fb$^{-1}$ of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective $e^+ e^-$ center-of-mass energy, so that the obtained cross sections from the threshold to about 5 GeV can be compared with corresponding direct \epem measurements, currently available only for the $\eta\pi^+\pi^-$ and $\omega\pi^+\pi^-$ submodes of the $e^+ e^-\to 2(\pi^+\pi^-)\pi^0$ channel. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from $e^+ e^-\to\omega(782)\pi^+\pi^-$ and study the $\omega(1420)$ and $\omega(1650)$ resonances. In the charmonium region, we observe the $J/\psi$ in all these final states and several intermediate states, as well as the $\psi(2S)$ in some modes, and we measure the corresponding branching fractions.

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Measurement of exclusive rho+ rho- production in high-Q**2 two-photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 597 (2004) 26-38, 2004.
Inspire Record 654177 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48589

Exclusive rho^+ rho^- production in two-photon collisions involving a single highly-virtual photon is studied with data collected at LEP at centre-of-mass energies 89 GeV &lt; \sqrt{s} &lt; 209 GeV with a total integrated luminosity of 854.7 pb^-1. The cross section of the process gamma gamma^* -> rho^+ rho^- is determined as a function of the photon virtuality, Q^2, and the two-photon centre-of-mass energy, W_gg, in the kinematic region: 1.2 GeV^2 &lt; Q^2 &lt; 30 GeV^2 and 1.1 GeV &lt; W_gg &lt; 3 GeV. The \rho^+\rho^- production cross section is found to be of the same magnitude as the cross section of the process gamma gamma^* -> rho^0 rho^0, measured in the same kinematic region by L3, and to have similar W_gg and Q^2 dependences.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> omega pi0 ---> pi0 pi0 gamma in c.m. energy range 920-MeV - 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Banzarov, V.Sh. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 562 (2003) 173-181, 2003.
Inspire Record 616446 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41951

The cross section of the process e+ e- --> omega pi0 --> pi0 pi0 gamma has been measured in the c.m. energy range 920-1380 MeV with the CMD-2 detector. Its energy dependence is well described by the interference of the rho(770) and rho'(1450) mesons decaying to omega pi0. Upper limits for the cross sections of the direct processes e+ e- --> pi0 pi0 gamma, eta pi0 gamma have been set.

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Coincidence electroproduction of single neutral pions in the resonance region at q 2 = 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2

Latham, A. ; Allison, J. ; Booth, I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 156 (1979) 58-92, 1979.
Inspire Record 1392686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.836

Data are presented for the reaction ep → ep π 0 at a nominal four-momentum transfer squared of 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The data were obtained using an extracted electron beam from NINA and two magnetic spectrometers for coincidence detection of the electron and proton. Details are given of the experimental method and the results are given for isobar masses in the range 1.19 – 1.73 GeV/ c 2 .

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