Transverse-momentum distribution and nuclear modification factor for neutral pions in the forward-rapidity region in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Berti, E. ; Bonechi, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C89 (2014) 065209, 2014.
Inspire Record 1287922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64158

The transverse momentum ($p_\text{T}$) distribution for inclusive neutral pions in the very forward rapidity region has been measured, with the Large Hadron Collider forward detector (LHCf), in proton--lead collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies of $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.02$TeV at the LHC. The $p_\text{T}$ spectra obtained in the rapidity range $-11.0 < y_\text{lab} < -8.9$ and $0 < p_\text{T} < 0.6$GeV (in the detector reference frame) show a strong suppression of the production of neutral pions after taking into account ultra-peripheral collisions. This leads to a nuclear modification factor value, relative to the interpolated $p_\text{T}$ spectra in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 5.02$TeV, of about 0.1--0.4. This value is compared with the predictions of several hadronic interaction Monte Carlo simulations.

6 data tables match query

Production rate for PI0 production in the rapidity range -8.9 to -9.0.

Production rate for PI0 production in the rapidity range -9.0 to -9.2.

Production rate for PI0 production in the rapidity range -9.2 to -9.4.

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Measurement of very forward neutron energy spectra for 7 TeV proton–proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Berti, E. ; Bonechi, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B750 (2015) 360-366, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351909 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73320

The Large Hadron Collider forward (LHCf) experiment is designed to use the LHC to verify the hadronic-interaction models used in cosmic-ray physics. Forward baryon production is one of the crucial points to understand the development of cosmic-ray showers. We report the neutron-energy spectra for LHC $\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV proton–proton collisions with the pseudo-rapidity η ranging from 8.81 to 8.99, from 8.99 to 9.22, and from 10.76 to infinity. The measured energy spectra obtained from the two independent calorimeters of Arm1 and Arm2 show the same characteristic feature before unfolding the detector responses. We unfolded the measured spectra by using the multidimensional unfolding method based on Bayesian theory, and the unfolded spectra were compared with current hadronic-interaction models. The QGSJET II-03 model predicts a high neutron production rate at the highest pseudo-rapidity range similar to our results, and the DPMJET 3.04 model describes our results well at the lower pseudo-rapidity ranges. However, no model perfectly explains the experimental results over the entire pseudo-rapidity range. The experimental data indicate a more abundant neutron production rate relative to the photon production than any model predictions studied here.

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Differential neutron production rate d$\sigma_{n}$/dE [mb/GeV] for each rapidity range.


Measurements of longitudinal and transverse momentum distributions for neutral pions in the forward-rapidity region with the LHCf detector

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Berti, E. ; Bonechi, L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D94 (2016) 032007, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385877 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74066

The differential cross sections for inclusive neutral pions as a function of transverse and longitudinal momentum in the very forward-rapidity region have been measured at the LHC with the LHC forward detector in proton-proton collisions at s=2.76 and 7 TeV and in proton-lead collisions at nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energies of sNN=5.02  TeV. Such differential cross sections in proton-proton collisions are compatible with the hypotheses of limiting fragmentation and Feynman scaling. Comparing proton-proton with proton-lead collisions, we find a sizable suppression of the production of neutral pions in the differential cross sections after subtraction of ultraperipheral proton-lead collisions. This suppression corresponds to the nuclear modification factor value of about 0.1–0.3. The experimental measurements presented in this paper provide a benchmark for the hadronic interaction Monte Carlo simulation codes that are used for the simulation of cosmic ray air showers.

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The average $\pi^{0}$ transverse momenta for the rapidity range $8.8<y<10.6$ in $p+p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=2.76$ and 7 TeV and for the rapidity range $-8.8>y_\rm{lab}>-10.6$ in $p+\rm{Pb}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s_\rm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV. The rapidity values for $p+\rm{Pb}$ collisions are in the detector reference frame and must be multiplied by -1.

Production rate for the $\pi^{0}$ production in the rapidity range $8.8 < y < 9.0$ in $p+p$ collisions and in the rapidity range $-8.8 > y_\rm{lab} > -9.0$ in $p+\rm{Pb}$ collisions.

Production rate for the $\pi^{0}$ production in the rapidity range $9.0 < y < 9.2$ in $p+p$ collisions and in the rapidity range $-9.0 > y_\rm{lab} > -9.2$ in $p+\rm{Pb}$ collisions.

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Measurement of forward photon production cross-section in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the LHCf detector

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Berti, E. ; Bonechi, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B780 (2018) 233-239, 2018.
Inspire Record 1518782 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86566

In this paper, we report the production cross-section of forward photons in the pseudorapidity regions of η>10.94 and 8.99>η>8.81 , measured by the LHCf experiment with proton–proton collisions at s=13TeV . The results from the analysis of 0.191nb−1 of data obtained in June 2015 are compared to the predictions of several hadronic interaction models that are used in air-shower simulations for ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. Although none of the models agree perfectly with the data, EPOS-LHC shows the best agreement with the experimental data among the models.

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Inclusive photon production cross section in $\eta > 10.94$

Inclusive photon production cross section in $8.81<\eta<8.99$


Measurement of inclusive forward neutron production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV with the LHCf Arm2 detector

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Berti, E. ; Bonechi, L. ; et al.
JHEP 1811 (2018) 073, 2018.
Inspire Record 1692008 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.87099

In this paper, we report the measurement relative to the production of forward neutrons in proton-proton collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=13 $ TeV obtained using the LHCf Arm2 detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The results for the inclusive differential production cross section are presented as a function of energy in three different pseudorapidity regions: η > 10.76, 8.99 < η < 9.22 and 8.81 < η < 8.99. The analysis was performed using a data set acquired in June 2015 that corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 0.194 nb$^{−1}$. The measurements were compared with the predictions of several hadronic interaction models used to simulate air showers generated by Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays. None of these generators showed good agreement with the data for all pseudorapidity intervals. For η > 10.76, no model is able to reproduce the observed peak structure at around 5 TeV and all models underestimate the total production cross section: among them, QGSJET II-04 shows the smallest deficit with respect to data for the whole energy range. For 8.99 < η < 9.22 and 8.81 < η < 8.99, the models having the best overall agreement with data are SIBYLL 2.3 and EPOS-LHC, respectively: in particular, in both regions SIBYLL 2.3 is able to reproduce the observed peak structure at around 1.5–2.5 TeV.

3 data tables match query

Inclusive neutron (and antineutron) production cross section in $\eta > 10.76$

Inclusive neutron (and antineutron) production cross section in $8.99 < \eta < 9.22$

Inclusive neutron (and antineutron) production cross section in $8.81 < \eta < 8.99$


Measurement of forward neutral pion transverse momentum spectra for $\sqrt{s}$ = 7TeV proton-proton collisions at LHC

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Bonechi, L. ; Bongi, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D86 (2012) 092001, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115479 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59925
6 data tables match query

Production rate for PI0 production in the rapidity range 8.9-9.0.

Production rate for PI0 production in the rapidity range 9.0-9.2.

Production rate for PI0 production in the rapidity range 9.2-9.4.

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Measurement of the ratio of differential cross sections ${\sigma}(p\bar{p} \to Z + b jet)/{\sigma}(p\bar{p} \to Z + jet)$ in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt(s)=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D87 (2013) 092010, 2013.
Inspire Record 1210034 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.61314

We measure the ratio of cross sections, {\sigma}(ppbar -> Z + b jet)/{\sigma}(ppbar -> Z + jet), for associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet. The ratio is also measured as a function of the jet transverse momentum, jet pseudorapidity, Z boson transverse momentum, and the azimuthal angle between the Z boson and the closest jet for events with at least one b jet. These measurements use data collected by the D0 experiment in Run II of Fermilab's Tevatron ppbar Collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.7 fb$^{-1}$. The results are compared to predictions from next-to-leading order calculations and various Monte Carlo event generators.

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The ratio of (BJET + Z0)/(JET + Z0) production as a function of the jet transverse momentum.

The ratio of (BJET + Z0)/(JET + Z0) production as a function of the Z0 transverse momentum.

The ratio of (BJET + Z0)/(JET + Z0) production as a function of the JET pseudorapidity.

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Measurement of the W Boson Production Charge Asymmetry in $p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X$ Events at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 151803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1268647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66256

<p>We present a measurement of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> boson production charge asymmetry in <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:mover><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mi>ν</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>9.7</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>fb</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The neutrino longitudinal momentum is determined by using a neutrino weighting method, and the asymmetry is measured as a function of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> boson rapidity. The measurement extends over wider electron pseudorapidity region than previous results and is the most precise to date, allowing for precise determination of proton parton distribution functions in global fits.</p>

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${\it CP}$-folded $W$ charge asymmetry for data and predictions from MC@NLO using NNPDF2.3 PDFs tabulated in percent (%) for each $|y_W|$ bin. The $\langle|y_W|\rangle$ is calculated as the cross section weighted average of $y_W$ in each bin from RESBOS with photos. For data, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. The uncertainties on the prediction come from both the PDF uncertainties and $\alpha_s$ uncertainties. The numbers in this table are the revised data published on 10th December 2014 (after the journal publication).

Correlation coefficients between central values of asymmetry in different $|y_W|$ bins.


Measurement of the muon charge asymmetry in $p\bar{p}$ $\to$ W+X $\to$ $\mu$$\nu$ + X events at $\sqrt{s}$=1.96  TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D88 (2013) 091102, 2013.
Inspire Record 1253555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66280

We present a measurement of the muon charge asymmetry from the decay of the $W$ boson via W to mu nu using 7.3 fb^{-1} of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV. The muon charge asymmetry is presented in two kinematic regions in muon transverse momentum and event missing transverse energy: (p^{\mu}_{T} > 25 GeV, \met > 25 GeV) and (p^{\mu}_{T} > 35 GeV, \met > 35 GeV). The measured asymmetries are compared with theory predictions made using three parton distribution function sets. The predictions do not describe the data well for p^{\mu}_{T} > 35 GeV, \met > 35 GeV, and larger values of muon pseudorapidity.

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Muon charge asymmetry for data and predictions from RESBOS+PHOTOS using the CTEQ6.6 PDFs. The measurement is shown with statistical uncertainties followed by systematic uncertainties. The uncertainties for the predictions are only from the PDFs.

Muon charge asymmetry for data and predictions from RESBOS+PHOTOS using the CTEQ6.6 PDFs. The measurement is shown with statistical uncertainties followed by systematic uncertainties. The uncertainties for the predictions are only from the PDFs.

Contributions from individual sources of systematic uncertainty for the ($p^{\mu}_{T} > 25$, $E_T^{missing} > 25$) GeV kinematic region. All uncertainty values are multiplied by 100. The columns (1-7) correspond to: 1.0 = Electro-Weak background 2.0 = Multi-Jet background 3.0 = Charge mis-identification 4.0 = Relative charge efficiency 5.0 = Magnet polarity weighting 6.0 = Momentum/$E_T^{missing}$ resolution 7.0 = Trigger isolation.

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Measurement of the $t \bar{t}$ production cross section in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV using lepton + jets events with lifetime $b^-$ tagging

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B626 (2005) 35-44, 2005.
Inspire Record 681605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63680

We present a measurement of the top quark pair ($t\bar{t}$) production cross section ($\sigma_{t\bar{t}}$) in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV using 230 pb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We select events with one charged lepton (electron or muon), missing transverse energy, and jets in the final state. We employ lifetime-based b-jet identification techniques to further enhance the $t\bar{t}$ purity of the selected sample. For a top quark mass of 175 GeV, we measure $\sigma_{t\bar{t}}=8.6^{+1.6}_{-1.5}(stat.+syst.)\pm 0.6(lumi.)$ pb, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

1 data table match query

TTBAR production cross section. Error contains statistical and systematics (excluding the luminosity uncertainty).