A Measurement of the Charmed Quark Asymmetry in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation

The JADE collaboration Ould-Saada, F. ; Allison, J. ; Ambrus, K. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 44 (1989) 567, 1989.
Inspire Record 278937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15357

The charmed quark charge asymmetry has been measured at the average centre of mass energy of 35 GeV with the JADE detector at thee+e− storage ring PETRA. Charmed quarks were identified byD*± tagging using the ΔM technique.D*± mesons were reconstructed through their decay intoD0 mesons resulting in (Kπ) π and (K π π π) π final states. The measured charge asymmetryA=−0.149±0.067 is in agreement with the expectation from the electroweak interference effect in quantum flavour dynamics (QFD).

1 data table match query

CHARMED quark charge asymmetry.


Measurement of the charge asymmetry in top-quark pair production in the lepton-plus-jets final state in pp collision data at $\sqrt{s}=8\,\mathrm TeV{}$ with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 87, 2016.
Inspire Record 1392455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75528

This paper reports inclusive and differential measurements of the $t\bar{t}$ charge asymmetry $A_{\textrm{C}}$ in 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ of $\sqrt{s} = 8$ TeV $pp$ collisions recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Three differential measurements are performed as a function of the invariant mass, transverse momentum and longitudinal boost of the $t\bar{t}$ system. The $t\bar{t}$ pairs are selected in the single-lepton channels ($e$ or $\mu$) with at least four jets, and a likelihood fit is used to reconstruct the $t\bar{t}$ event kinematics. A Bayesian unfolding procedure is performed to infer the asymmetry at parton level from the observed data distribution. The inclusive $t\bar{t}$ charge asymmetry is measured to be $A_{\textrm{C}} = 0.009 \pm 0.005$ (stat.$+$syst.). The inclusive and differential measurements are compatible with the values predicted by the Standard Model.

7 data tables match query

The inclusive $t\bar{t}$ production charge asymmetry, $A_C$, with statistical and systematic uncertainties combined.

Measured charge asymmetry, $A_C$, values for the electron and muon channels combined after unfolding as a function of the $t\bar{t}$ invariant mass, $m_{t\bar{t}}$. The quoted uncertainties include statistical and systematic components after the marginalisation.

Measured charge asymmetry, $A_C$, values for the electron and muon channels combined after unfolding as a function of the $t\bar{t}$ velocity along the z-axis, $\beta_{z,t\bar{t}}$. The quoted uncertainties include statistical and systematic components after the marginalisation.

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Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry of electron and muon pair-production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2015) 049, 2015.
Inspire Record 1351916 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76996

This paper presents measurements from the ATLAS experiment of the forward-backward asymmetry in the reaction $pp\rightarrow Z/\gamma^{*}\rightarrow l^{+}l^{-}$, with $l$ being electrons or muons, and the extraction of the effective weak mixing angle. The results are based on the full set of data collected in 2011 in $pp$ collisions at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.8 fb$^{-1}$. The measured asymmetry values are found to be in agreement with the corresponding Standard Model predictions. The combination of the muon and electron channels yields a value of the effective weak mixing angle of $0.2308 \pm 0.0005 \mathrm{(stat.)} \pm 0.0006 \mathrm{(syst.)} \pm 0.0009\mathrm{(PDF)}$, where the first uncertainty corresponds to data statistics,the second to systematic effects and the third to knowledge of the parton density functions. This result agrees with the current world average from the Particle Data Group fit.

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Summary of central values and total systematical uncertainties for the $A_{FB}$ values unfolded for mass bin migration and dilution effects in the CC electron channel, CF electron channel and muon channel.

Summary of central values and total systematical uncertainties for the unfolded $A_{FB}$ values which takes into account mass bin migration only in CC electron channel for Born and Dressed leptons. Dressed leptons are constructed by adding 4-vectors of the bare lepton and all real photons coming from the boson/lepton decay within a $\Delta R<$0.1.

Summary of central values and total systematical uncertainties for the unfolded $A_{FB}$ values which takes into account mass bin migration only in CF electron channel for Born and Dressed leptons. Dressed leptons are constructed by adding 4-vectors of the bare lepton and all real photons coming from the boson/lepton decay within a $\Delta R<$0.1.

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Measurement of the $W$ charge asymmetry in the $W \to \mu \nu$ decay mode in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt s=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 701 (2011) 31-49, 2011.
Inspire Record 892704 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85594

This letter reports a measurement of the muon charge asymmetry from W Boson produced in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The asymmetry is measured in the W Boson to muon decay mode as a function of the muon pseudorapidity using a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 31 pb-1. The results are compared to predictions based on next-to-leading order calculations with various parton distribution functions. This measurement provides information on the u and d quark momentum fractions in the proton.

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The muon charge asymmetry from $W$-boson decays in bins of absolute pseudorapidity. Note that these numbers are taken from the journal version which differ slightly from those in the archive version 1.


Measurement of the charge asymmetry in highly boosted top-quark pair production in $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV $pp$ collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 756 (2016) 52-71, 2016.
Inspire Record 1410588 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77021

In the $pp \rightarrow t\bar{t}$ process the angular distributions of top and anti-top quarks are expected to present a subtle difference, which could be enhanced by processes not included in the Standard Model. This Letter presents a measurement of the charge asymmetry in events where the top-quark pair is produced with a large invariant mass. The analysis is performed on 20.3 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, using reconstruction techniques specifically designed for the decay topology of highly boosted top quarks. The charge asymmetry in a fiducial region with large invariant mass of the top-quark pair ($m_{t\bar{t}} > $ 0.75 TeV) and an absolute rapidity difference of the top and anti-top quark candidates within $-$2 $ < |y_t| - |y_{\bar{t}}| <$ 2 is measured to be 4.2 $\pm$ 3.2%, in agreement with the Standard Model prediction at next-to-leading order. A differential measurement in three $t\bar{t}$ mass bins is also presented.

1 data table match query

The measured charge asymmetry after the unfolding to parton level in four intervals of the invariant mass of the $t\bar{t}$ system. The phase space is limited to $|(\Delta |y|)|<$ 2. The uncertainties correspond to the sum in quadrature of statistical and systematic uncertainties (for the data) or to the theory uncertainty (for the SM prediction).


A Measurement of the Weak Axial Couplings of the $b$ and $c$ Quark

The JADE collaboration Elsen, E. ; Allison, J. ; Ambrus, K. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 46 (1990) 349-360, 1990.
Inspire Record 282535 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15241

The forward-backward charge asymmetries of theb andc quarks are measured with the JADE detector at PETRA at\(\sqrt s= 35\) GeV and 44 GeV using both electrons and muons to tag the heavy quarks. At\(\sqrt s= 35\) GeV, a simultaneous fit for the two asymmetries yields the resultAb=−9.3±5.2% (state.) ndAc=−9.6±4.0% (stat.). The systematic errors are comparable with the statistical uncertainties. Combining the measurements at both energies and alternately constraining the weak coupling of thec andb quark to their Standard Model values (ac=1,ab=−1) increases the precision of the measurement of coupling constant of the other quark. Using this procedureab=−0.72±0.34 andac=0.79±0.40, where the numbers are corrected for\(B\bar B - mixing\) and the errors include both statistical and systematic contributions. The mixing parameter for continuum\(b\bar b - production\) is determined to be χ-0.24±0.12 if both heavy quark coupling constants are constrained to their values in the Standard Model.

4 data tables match query

Results of simultaneous fit to both asymmetries. This table is for the CHARMED quark.

Results of simultaneous fit to both asymmetries. This table is for the BOTTOM quark.

Results for BOTTOM quark asymmetry with c asymmetry constrained to the standard model value.

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Beam-Spin Asymmetries in the Azimuthal Distribution of Pion Electroproduction

The HERMES collaboration Airapetian, A. ; Akopov, Z. ; Amarian, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 648 (2007) 164-170, 2007.
Inspire Record 735612 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41783

A measurement of the beam-spin asymmetry in the azimuthal distribution of pions produced in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering off protons is presented. The measurement was performed using the {HERMES} spectrometer with a hydrogen gas target and the longitudinally polarized 27.6 GeV positron beam of HERA. The sinusoidal amplitude of the dependence of the asymmetry on the angle $\phi$ of the hadron production plane around the virtual photon direction relative to the lepton scattering plane was measured for $\pi^+,\pi^-$ and $\pi^0$ mesons. The dependence of this amplitude on the Bjorken scaling variable and on the pion fractional energy and transverse momentum is presented. The results are compared to theoretical model calculations.

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Beam SSA as a function of Z, X, hadronic PT and Q**2.

Beam SSA as a function of Z, X, hadronic PT and Q**2.

Beam SSA as a function of Z, X, hadronic PT and Q**2.

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Observation of a Centrality-Dependent Dijet Asymmetry in Lead-Lead Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.77$ TeV with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 252303, 2010.
Inspire Record 878733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63790

Using the ATLAS detector, observations have been made of a centrality-dependent dijet asymmetry in the collisions of lead ions at the Large Hadron Collider. In a sample of lead-lead events with a per-nucleon center of mass energy of 2.76 TeV, selected with a minimum bias trigger, jets are reconstructed in fine-grained, longitudinally-segmented electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters. The underlying event is measured and subtracted event-by-event, giving estimates of jet transverse energy above the ambient background. The transverse energies of dijets in opposite hemispheres is observed to become systematically more unbalanced with increasing event centrality leading to a large number of events which contain highly asymmetric dijets. This is the first observation of an enhancement of events with such large dijet asymmetries, not observed in proton-proton collisions, and which may point to an interpretation in terms of strong jet energy loss in a hot, dense medium.

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Asymmetry in the different centrality regions for 2.76 TeV/Nucleon PB-PB collisions.

Asymmetry in 7 TeV P-P collisions.


Observation of a Charge Asymmetry in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Cords, D. ; Dittmann, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 108 (1982) 140-144, 1982.
Inspire Record 168234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31023

The angular distribution and the s dependence of the total cross section for the process e + e − → μ + μ − have been measured using the JADE detector at PETRA. After radiative corrections, a forward-backward asymmetry of −(11.8±3.8) % was observed at an average centre of mass energy of 33.5 GeV. For comparison, an asymmetry of −7.8 % is expected on the basis of the standard Glashow-Salam-Weinberg model.

2 data tables match query

Forward-backward asymmetry within the acceptnce region.

Forward-backward asymmetry from fit to angular distribution for the form 1 + cos(theta)**2 + Bcos(theta).


The Forward - backward asymmetry of e+ e- ---> b anti-b and e+ e- ---> c anti-c using leptons in hadronic Z0 decays

The OPAL collaboration Acton, P.D. ; Akers, R. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 60 (1993) 19-36, 1993.
Inspire Record 356097 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14320

The forward-backward asymmetries of$$e^ + e^ - \to Z^0 \to b\bar b and e^ + e^ - \to Z^0 \to c\bar c$$

5 data tables match query

Measurement of the asymmetry in b-quark production on the Z0 peak using a two parameter fit, neglecting the effects of B0-BBAR0 mixing.

Measurement of the asymmetry in b-quark production on the Z0 peak using a two parameter fit and correcting for B0-BBAR0 mixing. The second systematic error is due to the uncertainty of the mixing factor.

Measurement of the asymmetry in c-quark production on the Z0 peak using a two parameter fit.

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