Measurement of the Reaction gamma gamma ---> pi+ pi+ pi- pi- at PETRA

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Fenner, H. ; Schachter, M.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 21 (1984) 205, 1984.
Inspire Record 191578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16344

We have determined the cross section for γγ→π+π+π−π− in a way free of assumptions about the relative contributions fromρ0ρ0,ρ02π and 4π (uncorrelated phase space). We find a sharp onset above threshold and a rather high cross section of about 200 nb aroundWγγ=1.5 GeV which consists to about 40% ofρ0ρ0 production with sizeable contributions fromρ02π and 4π (PS). The total cross section as well as theρ0ρ0 content fall rather fast at higher c.m. energies. Attempts to explain this behaviour in terms of production of known resonances are not successful so far. The angular distributions do not show any significant structure pointing to resonance formation in the 4π-system. Only theρ0-meson is observed in the moment analysis. The decay distributions of theρ0 for forward produced rhos are fairly consistent with helicity conservation of the produced rhos in accordance with the VDM picture.

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RESULTS OF DECOMPOSITION OF THE CROSS SECTION INTO RHO RHO, RHO 2PI, AND 4PI(PHASE SPACE) USING TWO WIDE W BINS. SEE TEXT OF PAPER FOR DISCUSSION OF FITS.

RESULTS OF DECOMPOSITION OF THE CROSS SECTION INTO THE RHO RHO, RHO PI, AND 4PI (PHASE SPACE) USING SMALL W BINS. SEE TEXT OF PAPER FOR DISCUSSION OF FITS.

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Positive Pion Photoproduction From Hydrogen at Photon Energies Between 500-{MeV} and 1400-{MeV} in Forward Direction

Althoff, K.H. ; Anton, G. ; Bock, B. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 18 (1983) 199, 1983.
Inspire Record 189703 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16352

The differential cross section of the reactionγ+p→π+ was measured at pion CM-angles of 20° and 30° for photon energies between 500 MeV and 1,400 MeV. The pions were detected in a magnetic spectrometer. By measuring each pion trajectory and by offline calculation of the initial pion parameters an energy resolution of about 2.5% FWHM was achieved. The results complete a set of data which were measured in recent years at the Bonn 2.5 GeV synchrotron. In comparison to photoproduction analyses two effects were revealed: The η cusp appears in the energy dependence of the cross section as a sharp drop atKγ=710 MeV. In the region of the third resonance the data show a greater enhancement than predicted by most of the analyses.

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ELECTROPRODUCTION OF pi0 MESONS ON PROTONS AT W = 1400-MeV TO 2000-MeV, q**2 = 0.01-GeV**2 TO 0.1-GeV**2, AND t = 0.6-GeV**2 TO 2.2-GeV**2 CORRESPONDING TO Theta (CM) pi = 145-degrees TO 180-degrees

Blume, H. ; Farber, R. ; Feldmann, N. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1983) 283, 1983.
Inspire Record 180101 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16387

The electroproduction of π0-mesons on protons has been measured with electrons of 1.7 and 2.1 GeV energy in the region of the nucleon resonances at\(W = \sqrt {(q + p)^2 }= 1,400 - 2,000MeV\) at rather low values of |q2|=|(e−e′)2|=0.01–0.1 GeV2 but at high values of the nucleon recoil |t|=|(p−p′)2|≈0.6–2.2 GeV2 corresponding to\(\Theta _\pi ^{cm}\approx 145^ \circ- 180^ \circ\). Up toW≈1,650 MeV the cross section for π0-production with virtual photons of |q2|≈0.03 GeV2 is only slightly smaller than that with real photons. ForW≳1,700 MeV the cross section at |q2|≈0.03 GeV2 is on average a factor of 2 smaller than that atq2=0 but only slightly higher than that at |q2|≈0.3–1 GeV2.

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INCLUDING RADIATIVE CORRECTIONS.


STUDY OF THE REACTION E+ E- ---> PI+ PI- IN THE ENERGY RANGE FROM 640-MEV - 1400-MEV

Kurdadze, L.M. ; Lelchuk, M.Yu. ; Pakhtusova, E.V. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 40 (1984) 286-295, 1984.
Inspire Record 208231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17648
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Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////NOT GIVEN).


Measurement of the Two Photon Reaction $\gamma \gamma \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ at Large Values of $Q^2$

The TASSO collaboration Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 41 (1988) 353-357, 1988.
Inspire Record 250570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15557

The process γγ→π+π−π+π− has been investigated in reactions of the typee+e−→e+e−π+π−π+π− in the single tag mode. The range of the four momentum squared of one of the virtual photons was 0.28 GeV2/c2≦Q2≦3.6 GeV2/c2, the average being 〈Q2〉=0.92 GeV2/c2; the other photon was quasi real. The reaction is mainly described by the channels γγ→ρ0ρ0 and γγ→4π (phase space), occuring with about equal probability. TheQ2-dependence of the cross section is in agreement with the ρ form factor.

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Data read from graph.. Additional overall systematic error 25%.


Precise pion electroproduction in the p (e, e-prime pi+) n reaction at W = 1125-MeV

Blomqvist, K.I. ; Boeglin, W.U. ; Böhm, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.A 353 (1996) 415-421, 1996.
Inspire Record 428951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16502

The reactione+p →> e+π++n at c.m. energyW=1125MeV and momentum transfer Q2=0.117GeV2/c2 has been measured. The transverse and longitudinal structure functions have been separated by varying the polarization of the virtual photon (Rosenbluth plot) with a 3 to 4% error. In addition the longitudinal-transverse interference term has been determined measuring the right-left asymmetry with an accuracy of 3%. The experimental data are compared to model calculations, and the sensitivity of the results to the axial and pion formfactors is discussed.

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Angle PHI(P=4) is the angle between the scattering plane (defined by 1 and 3 particles) and the reaction plane (defined by 4 and 5 particles).

Angle PHI(P=4) is the angle between the scattering plane (defined by 1 and 3 particles) and the reaction plane (defined by 4 and 5 particles).


Photoproduction of neutral pions on hydrogen at photon energies between 200 and 440 mev

Fischer, G. ; Fischer, H. ; Von Holtey, G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 16 (1970) 93-101, 1970.
Inspire Record 62733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16659

Differential cross sections for neutral-pion photoproduction on hydrogen in the region of the first resonance have been measured by two independent experiments detecting the recoil protons. The results of both measurements have been combined into one set of cross sections covering the photon energy range from 200 to 440 MeV at pion c.m. angles between 50 and 160 degrees.

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Anti-D0 meson production in interactions of neutrons with hydrogen, carbon, and aluminum nuclei at 37.5-GeV to 70-GeV

The BIS-2 collaboration Aleev, A.N. ; Arefev, V.A. ; Balandin, V.P. ; et al.
Phys.Atom.Nucl. 56 (1993) 1235-1240, 1993.
Inspire Record 364824 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17203

None

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SCATTERING OF 310-Mev POSITIVE PIONS BY PROTONS: EXPERIMENTS AND ANALYSIS

Rogers, Ernest H. ;
PhD Thesis, 1962.
Inspire Record 44325 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18576
1 data table match query

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SCATTERING OF POSITIVE PIONS ON PROTONS AT 310-MEV: RECOIL NUCLEON POLARIZATION AND PHASE SHIFT ANALYSIS

Foote, James Herbert ;
UCRL-9191, 1960.
Inspire Record 44312 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18619

None

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Measurements on the Differential Cross-Section of the pi0 Photoproduction on Hydrogen

Almehed, S. ; Von Dardel, G. ; Jarlskog, G. ; et al.
Phys.Scripta 13 (1976) 321-326, 1976.
Inspire Record 115713 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19325

The differential cross section for photoproduction of π° on hydrogen has been measured in a photon energy range of 560-690 MeV and for production angles in the interval 90°-105° in the centre of mass system. The experiment detects the recoil proton and a π°-decay photon in coincidence, using optical spark chambers and a lead glass Cerenkov counter. Presented cross sections, based on 35 000 events recorded on film, are in good agreement with recent phase shift analysis.

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Axial and pseudoscalar nucleon form-factors from low-energy pion electroproduction

Choi, Seonho ; Estenne, V. ; Bardin, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 71 (1993) 3927-3930, 1993.
Inspire Record 360772 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19697

The cross section for exclusive π+ electroproduction on the proton has been measured near threshold for the first time at two different values of the virtual photon polarization (ɛ∼0.2 and ɛ∼0.7). Using the low energy theorem for this reaction we deduce the axial and pseudoscalar weak form factors GA and GP at ‖t‖=0.073, 0.139, and 0.179 (GeV/c)2. The slope of GA agrees with the value obtained in neutrino experiments. GP satisfies the pion pole dominance hypothesis, which is thus verified for the first time in this range of transfer.

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Electromagnetic Properties of the Proton and Neutron

Olson, D.N. ; Schopper, H.F. ; Wilson, R.R. ;
Phys.Rev.Lett. 6 (1961) 286-290, 1961.
Inspire Record 944908 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20172
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NEUTRAL PION PHOTOPRODUCTION ON THE DEUTERON

Imanishi, A. ; Ishii, T. ; Kato, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 2497-2500, 1985.
Inspire Record 220232 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20385

Large-angle cross sections for γd→π0d are systematically measured in the photon energy range between 500 and 1000 MeV. A good fit is obtained by use of a Glauber-model calculation which includes the dibaryon resonances F33(2.26) and G41(2.51), but the fit has an unusual nature in the role of resonance and nonresonance contributions.

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Liquid hydrogen target for final calibration.


MEASUREMENT OF PI- P ---> PI- PI+ N NEAR THRESHOLD AND CHIRAL SYMMETRY BREAKING

Bjork, C.W. ; Jones, S.E. ; King, T.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 62-65, 1980.
Inspire Record 157275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20699

d2σdΩdT for π+ mesons produced in π−p→π−π+n was measured at seven incident energies between 203 and 357 MeV and the integrated reaction cross section was calculated. The matrix element, when extrapolated to threshold and compared with soft-pion calculations, determined the chiral-symmetry-breaking parameter ξ=0.05±0.26, which is consistent with the Weinberg Lagrangian. The large hard-pion contributions at 203 MeV demonstrated the absolute necessity for comparing at threshold.

1 data table match query

Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////).


Measurement of the polarization parameter in $\pi^{pm}p$ scattering from 356 to 519 MeV/c

Gorn, W. ;
LBL-1320, 1973.
Inspire Record 923202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1150

None

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Angular Distribution of Charge Exchange and Inelastic Neutrons in $\pi^- - p$ Interactions at 313 and 371 MeV

Lind, Don L. ; Barish, Barry C. ; Ku, Richard J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 138 (1965) B1509-B1517, 1965.
Inspire Record 1186787 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.467

Neutron angular distributions from the charge-exchange (π0n) and inelastic modes (π0π0n,π+π−n) of the π−−p interaction have been investigated at 313 and 371 MeV incident-pion kinetic energy. The data were obtained with an electronic counter system. Elastic and inelastic neutrons were separated in the all-neutral final states by time of flight. At both energies the charge-exchange differential cross section at the forward neutron angles differs from that determined by Caris et al. from measurements of the π0-decay gamma distributions, but generally agrees with the phase-shift-analysis calculations of Roper. The distribution of inelastic neutrons from both modes shows a strong preference for low center-of-mass neutron energies. The distribution of these neutrons does not correspond to that expected from the I=0, π−π interaction (ABC effect) suggested to account for the anomaly in p−d collisions observed by Abashian et al. Finally, all available charge-exchange differential-cross-section data from this and other experiments were combined by at least-squares fit to a Legendre expansion of the form dσdΩ*(cosθπ0*)=Σl=0NalPl(cosθπ0*) with the following results (in mb/sr):

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Polarization of Recoil Protons Produced in Elastic Scattering at 307 Mev

Grigorev, E.L. ; Mitin, N.A. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 10 (1960) 295-301, 1960.
Inspire Record 1096726 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.12

Results are presented of an investigation of the polarization of recoil protons appearing in elastic 1r+ -p scattering through an angle of 140 ± 8° in the c.m.s. at an energy of 307 ± 5 Mev. A polarization value P 1 = -0.19 ± 0.17 has been deriver from the data on the magnitude of the left-right asymmetry in elastic scattering of recoil protons on photographic emulsion nuclei. Phase shifts satisfying the indicated polarization value and consistent with the differential cross section for elastic scattering of 71"+ -mesons by protons are given by Eq. (1). Problems connected with the use of various phase shift sets for analysis of the experimental data are discussed.

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Pion-Nucleon Total Cross Sections from 0.5 to 2.65 GeV/c

Carter, A.A. ; Riley, K.F. ; Tapper, R.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 168 (1968) 1457-1465, 1968.
Inspire Record 54182 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.250

Total cross sections of π+ and π− mesons on protons and deuterons have been measured in a transmission experiment to relative accuracies of ±0.2% over the laboratory momentum range 0.46-2.67 GeV/c. The systematic error is estimated to be about ±0.5% over most of the range, increasing to about ±2% near both ends. Data have been obtained at momentum intervals of 25-50 MeV/c with a momentum resolution of ±0.6%. No new structure is observed in the π±p total cross sections, but results differ in several details from previous experiments. From 1-2 GeV/c, where systematic erros are the smallest, the total cross section of π− mesons on deuterons is found to be consistently higher than that of π+ mesons by (1.3±0.3)%; about half of this difference may be understood in terms of Coulomb-barrier effects. The πd and πN total cross sections are used to check the validity of the Glauber theory. Substantial disagreements (up to 2 mb) are observed, and the conclusion is drawn that the Glauber theory is inadequate in this momentum range.

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Coincidence electroproduction of single neutral pions in the resonance region at q 2 = 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2

Latham, A. ; Allison, J. ; Booth, I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 156 (1979) 58-92, 1979.
Inspire Record 1392686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.836

Data are presented for the reaction ep → ep π 0 at a nominal four-momentum transfer squared of 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The data were obtained using an extracted electron beam from NINA and two magnetic spectrometers for coincidence detection of the electron and proton. Details are given of the experimental method and the results are given for isobar masses in the range 1.19 – 1.73 GeV/ c 2 .

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Charge-Exchange Scattering of Negative Pions by Hydrogen at 230, 260, 290, 317, and 371 Mev

Caris, John C. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; Perez-Mendez, Victor ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 121 (1961) 893-904, 1961.
Inspire Record 944987 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.805

The differential cross section for charge-exchange scattering of negative pions by hydrogen has been observed at 230, 260, 290, 317, and 371 Mev. The reaction was observed by detecting one gamma ray from the π0 decay with a scintillation-counter telescope. A least-squares analysis was performed to fit the observations to the function dσdω=Σl=15alPl−1(cosθ) in the c.m. frame. The best fit to our experimental measurements requires only s- and p-wave scattering. The results (in mb) are: The least-squares analysis indicates that d-wave scattering is not established in this energy range.

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pi-p Elastic Scattering in the Energy Range 300-700 MeV

Ogden, Philip M. ; Hagge, Donald E. ; Helland, Jerome A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 137 (1965) B1115-B1125, 1965.
Inspire Record 944964 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.537

Differential cross sections for elastic π−p scattering were measured at eight energies for positive pions and seven energies for negative pions. Energies ranged from 310 to 650 MeV. These measurements were made at the 3-GeV proton synchrotron at Saclay, France. A beam of pions from an internal BeO target was directed into a liquid-hydrogen target. Fifty-one scintillation counters and a matrix-coincidence system were used to measure simultaneously elastic events at 21 angles and charged inelastic events at 78 π−p angle pairs. Events were detected by coincidence of pulses indicating the presence of an incident pion, scattered pion, and recoil proton, and the results were stored in the memory of a pulse-height analyzer. Various corrections were applied to the data and a least-squares fit was made to the results at each energy. The form of the fitting function was a power series in the cosine of the center-of-mass angle of the scattered pion. Integration under the fitted curves gave values for the total elastic cross sections (without charge exchange). The importance of certain angular-momentum states is discussed. The π−−p data are consistent with a D13 resonant state at 600 MeV, but do not necessarily require such a resonant state.

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PHOTOPRODUCTION OF NEUTRAL PIONS ON HYDROGEN BELOW 500-MeV. 3. CROSS-SECTION MEASUREMENTS BETWEEN THE FIRST AND THE SECOND RESONANCE

Genzel, H. ;
Z.Phys. 268 (1974) 37-41, 1974.
Inspire Record 80489 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2

Differential cross sections of neutral pion photoproduction on hydrogen were measured in the region between the first and the second nucleon resonance at photon energies of 400–500 MeV and were compared with results of an energy-independent multipole analysis.

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pi--p Elastic Scattering at 310 MeV: Differential Cross Section and Recoil-Proton Polarization

Rugge, Hugo R. ; Vik, Olav T. ;
Phys.Rev. 129 (1963) 2300-2310, 1963.
Inspire Record 944977 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.623

The differential cross section and recoil-proton polarization in π−−p elastic scattering at 310-MeV incident-pion energy has been measured. The differential cross section was measured at 28 angles in the angular region 25<~θlab<~160 deg. The fractional rms errors were typically 3%. The reaction was observed by counting the scattered pions emerging from a liquid-hydrogen target with a counter telescope consisting of scintillation and Čerenkov counters. Simultaneously, the recoil-proton polarization was measured at four angles in the angular region 114<θc.m.<146 deg. The recoil protons from the liquid-hydrogen target were scattered from a carbon target and the left-right asymmetry was measured. Scintillation counters were used throughout to detect the particles.

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Negative-to-Positive Ratio of Photomesons from Deuterium

Sands, Matthew ; Teasdale, J.G. ; Walker, Robert L. ;
Phys.Rev. 95 (1954) 592-593, 1954.
Inspire Record 944931 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.589
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