Measurement of $\pi^- p \to \pi^- p \pi^0$ Reaction Near Threshold and Breaking of Chiral Symmetry

The OMICRON collaboration Kernel, G. ; Korbar, D. ; Krizan, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 225 (1989) 198-202, 1989.
Inspire Record 278272 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29804

A full-kinematics measurement of the π − p→ π − p π 0 reaction in the incident π − momentum region from 295 to 450 MeV/ c is presented. The measurement was performed with the OMICRON spectrometer at the CERN synchrocyclotron.

1 data table match query

Integrated cross section.


Cross-section Measurement of $\pi^- p \to \pi^- \pi^+ n$ Reaction Near Threshold

The OMICRON collaboration Kernel, G. ; Korbar, D. ; Krizan, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 216 (1989) 244-248, 1989.
Inspire Record 264989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29858

Result of cross section measurements for the reaction π − p → π − π + n are presented. They cover a range of incident pion momenta between 295 and 450 MeV/ c . It is the first time that the cross section has been measured so close to threshold. The experiment was performed with Omicron, a large-solid-angle spectrometer, which enables a measurement of the full set of kinematic variables. In the region of overlap there is a good agreement with other experiments. The extracted value for the chiral-symmetry-breaking parameter ξ is seen to be largely extrapolition dependent but the measured value of -0.5±0.8 leaves Weinberg's prediction of ξ =0 the only remaining choice.

1 data table match query

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ELASTIC PI+- P SCATTERING FROM 378-MEV/C TO 687-MEV/C

Sadler, M.E. ; Seftor, C.J. ; Borcherding, F.O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 119 (1982) 69-71, 1982.
Inspire Record 184515 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30826

Differential cross sections for π ± p→ π ± p have been measured at P π between 378 and 687 MeV / c at 9 angles in the range −0.8⩽cos θ c.m. ⩽0.6. Scattered pions and recoil protons were detected in coincidence using scintillation counter hodoscopes. For almost all of the data the statistical and normalization uncertainties are each less than 2%. Our measurements are compared with existing data and the results of recent partial wave analyses.

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OBSERVATION OF INVERSE ELECTROPRODUCTION OF PIONS ON C-12 NUCLEUS AT 164-MeV PION ENERGY AND DETERMINATION OF F1(v) NUCLEON FORM-FACTOR

Alekseev, G.D. ; Blokhintseva, T.D. ; Karpukhin, V.V. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 46 (1987) 801, 1987.
Inspire Record 247868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38865
1 data table match query

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Elastic scattering of 360 MeV positive $\pi$ mesons by protons

Mitin, N.A. ; Grigor'ev, E.L. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 5 (1957) 378, 1957.
Inspire Record 1387578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39796

Photographic plates were used to study the angular distribotion of 360 plus or minus 10 Mev pi /sup +/ mesons elastically scattered by protons. The differential cross sections derived from 218 scattering events for SP analysis and for SPD analysis are given. The phase shifts which correspond to these distributions are also given.

1 data table match query

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Contribution to the study of the interactions $\pi^{-}$p at 407 and 493 MeV : determination of cross sections of charged tracks, phase shift analysis in the elastic channel.

Derre, J. ;
PhD Thesis, Acad. Sci., Paris, 1969.
Inspire Record 1345881 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39913
1 data table match query

Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in $\pi^- p$ Scattering at 291.5-{MeV} and 308-{MeV}

Alder, J.C. ; Perroud, J.P. ; Tran, M.T. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 23 (1978) 381, 1978.
Inspire Record 130236 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37401
2 data tables match query

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PHASE SHIFT ANALYSIS OF pi+ p SCATTERING IN THE REGION 194-MeV - 600-MeV

Abaev, V.V. ; Kruglov, S.P. ; Nichitiu, F. ;
Z.Phys.A 322 (1985) 603-610, 1985.
Inspire Record 201692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38008

An energy-independent phase-shift analysis ofπ+p-scattering has been carried out at 16 energies in the region 194–600 MeV. The new data on elastic polarization, obtained in LNPI up to 1983, were included.

18 data tables match query

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Measurements of the pi- p --> pi0 n Forward Scattering Cross-Section in the Energy Region 400-MeV-600-MeV

Kravtsov, A.V. ; Kuzmin, L.A. ; Nemozhenko, O.N. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 140 (1978) 279-284, 1978.
Inspire Record 135966 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34984

The forward charge-exchange differential cross section has been measured using two Čerenkov spectrometers at five energies of incident pions. The resulting cross-section values are 4.02 ± 0.22, 3.61 ± 0.13, 4.19 ± 0.13, 3.91 ± 0.12, 3.02 ± 0.14 mb/sr at incident pion energies 400, 450, 500, 550 and 600 MeV, respectively. These values are in a good agreement with dispersion-relation predictions.

1 data table match query

No description provided.


Measurement of Differential Cross-Sections for Radiative Pion-Proton Capture in the Second Resonance Region

Weiss, A.J. ; Blasberg, D.J. ; Comiso, J.C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 101 (1975) 1-18, 1975.
Inspire Record 2234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36075

Differential cross-section measurements for π − p → γ n, consisting of three angular distributions at 618, 676 and 718 MeV/ c , and the energy dependence at θ γ = 90° for seven incident pion momenta between 502 and 888 MeV/ c , are presented. Our data qualitatively support recent multipole analyses. Agreement with the Scheffler et al. results for the inverse reaction, γ n → π − p, using a ( π − -recoil p) coincidence technique is good excluding a large violation of time reversal invariance. The agreement with γ n → π − p data obtained using the R ( π − / π + ) ratio technique or a deuterium bubble chamber is only qualitative.

1 data table match query

Axis error includes +- 6.6/6.6 contribution.


Measurement of the polarization parameter in $\pi^{pm}p$ scattering from 356 to 519 MeV/c

Gorn, W. ;
LBL-1320, 1973.
Inspire Record 923202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1150

None

6 data tables match query

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Measures of the differential effective sections $\pi ±p$ to 410 MeV and 490 MeV forwards

Banner, M. ; Detoeuf, J.F. ; Fayoux, M.L. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 50 (1967) 431-448, 1967.
Inspire Record 1185325 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.896

Measurements of π±p elastic differential cross-sections have been performed in the forward direction, using a missing-mass spark chamber spectrometer. The films have been seanned by an automatic apparatus. A phase-shift analysis of the experimental data has been done, leading to three solutions. Various experiments are proposed in order to resolve the ambiguities.

2 data tables match query

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MEASUREMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTIONS OF pi+ p AND pi- p ELASTIC SCATTERING IN THE REGION 425-MeV TO 640-MeV

Gordeev, V.A. ; Koptev, V.P. ; Kruglov, S.P. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 29 (1979) 339, 1979.
Inspire Record 132291 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1059
1 data table match query

No description provided.


Charge-Exchange Scattering of Negative Pions by Hydrogen at 230, 260, 290, 317, and 371 Mev

Caris, John C. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; Perez-Mendez, Victor ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 121 (1961) 893-904, 1961.
Inspire Record 944987 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.805

The differential cross section for charge-exchange scattering of negative pions by hydrogen has been observed at 230, 260, 290, 317, and 371 Mev. The reaction was observed by detecting one gamma ray from the π0 decay with a scintillation-counter telescope. A least-squares analysis was performed to fit the observations to the function dσdω=Σl=15alPl−1(cosθ) in the c.m. frame. The best fit to our experimental measurements requires only s- and p-wave scattering. The results (in mb) are: The least-squares analysis indicates that d-wave scattering is not established in this energy range.

2 data tables match query

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Measurement of the differential cross-section for pi- p ---> n pi0 at 317, 452, and 491 mev/c

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 756-766, 1972.
Inspire Record 73968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3558

Seventeen differential cross sections of the pion-nucleon charge-exchange reaction have been measured at total center-of-mass energies of 1245, 1337, and 1363 MeV. Most measurements are based on the neutron-photon coincidence method, using carefully calibrated neutron counters and an efficient, large-area photon detector. The results are used to test the predictions of charge independence, with which they agree. The results also confirm the Ayed-Bareyre-Sonderegger phase-degeneracy hypothesis at θ̃π0=180°.

5 data tables match query

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Pi- p ELASTIC SCATTERING IN THE CMS ENERGY RANGE 1400-MeV TO 2000-MeV

Brody, A.D. ; Cashmore, R.J. ; Kernan, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 3 (1971) 2619, 1971.
Inspire Record 60976 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4110

Total and differential cross sections for π−p elastic scattering are presented at 35 energies between 1400 and 2000 MeV.

1 data table match query

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Pion-Nucleon Total Cross Sections from 0.5 to 2.65 GeV/c

Carter, A.A. ; Riley, K.F. ; Tapper, R.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 168 (1968) 1457-1465, 1968.
Inspire Record 54182 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.250

Total cross sections of π+ and π− mesons on protons and deuterons have been measured in a transmission experiment to relative accuracies of ±0.2% over the laboratory momentum range 0.46-2.67 GeV/c. The systematic error is estimated to be about ±0.5% over most of the range, increasing to about ±2% near both ends. Data have been obtained at momentum intervals of 25-50 MeV/c with a momentum resolution of ±0.6%. No new structure is observed in the π±p total cross sections, but results differ in several details from previous experiments. From 1-2 GeV/c, where systematic erros are the smallest, the total cross section of π− mesons on deuterons is found to be consistently higher than that of π+ mesons by (1.3±0.3)%; about half of this difference may be understood in terms of Coulomb-barrier effects. The πd and πN total cross sections are used to check the validity of the Glauber theory. Substantial disagreements (up to 2 mb) are observed, and the conclusion is drawn that the Glauber theory is inadequate in this momentum range.

2 data tables match query

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Polarization of Recoil Protons Produced in Elastic Scattering at 307 Mev

Grigorev, E.L. ; Mitin, N.A. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 10 (1960) 295-301, 1960.
Inspire Record 1096726 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.12

Results are presented of an investigation of the polarization of recoil protons appearing in elastic 1r+ -p scattering through an angle of 140 ± 8° in the c.m.s. at an energy of 307 ± 5 Mev. A polarization value P 1 = -0.19 ± 0.17 has been deriver from the data on the magnitude of the left-right asymmetry in elastic scattering of recoil protons on photographic emulsion nuclei. Phase shifts satisfying the indicated polarization value and consistent with the differential cross section for elastic scattering of 71"+ -mesons by protons are given by Eq. (1). Problems connected with the use of various phase shift sets for analysis of the experimental data are discussed.

1 data table match query

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Angular Distribution of Charge Exchange and Inelastic Neutrons in $\pi^- - p$ Interactions at 313 and 371 MeV

Lind, Don L. ; Barish, Barry C. ; Ku, Richard J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 138 (1965) B1509-B1517, 1965.
Inspire Record 1186787 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.467

Neutron angular distributions from the charge-exchange (π0n) and inelastic modes (π0π0n,π+π−n) of the π−−p interaction have been investigated at 313 and 371 MeV incident-pion kinetic energy. The data were obtained with an electronic counter system. Elastic and inelastic neutrons were separated in the all-neutral final states by time of flight. At both energies the charge-exchange differential cross section at the forward neutron angles differs from that determined by Caris et al. from measurements of the π0-decay gamma distributions, but generally agrees with the phase-shift-analysis calculations of Roper. The distribution of inelastic neutrons from both modes shows a strong preference for low center-of-mass neutron energies. The distribution of these neutrons does not correspond to that expected from the I=0, π−π interaction (ABC effect) suggested to account for the anomaly in p−d collisions observed by Abashian et al. Finally, all available charge-exchange differential-cross-section data from this and other experiments were combined by at least-squares fit to a Legendre expansion of the form dσdΩ*(cosθπ0*)=Σl=0NalPl(cosθπ0*) with the following results (in mb/sr):

6 data tables match query

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pi-p Elastic Scattering in the Energy Range 300-700 MeV

Ogden, Philip M. ; Hagge, Donald E. ; Helland, Jerome A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 137 (1965) B1115-B1125, 1965.
Inspire Record 944964 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.537

Differential cross sections for elastic π−p scattering were measured at eight energies for positive pions and seven energies for negative pions. Energies ranged from 310 to 650 MeV. These measurements were made at the 3-GeV proton synchrotron at Saclay, France. A beam of pions from an internal BeO target was directed into a liquid-hydrogen target. Fifty-one scintillation counters and a matrix-coincidence system were used to measure simultaneously elastic events at 21 angles and charged inelastic events at 78 π−p angle pairs. Events were detected by coincidence of pulses indicating the presence of an incident pion, scattered pion, and recoil proton, and the results were stored in the memory of a pulse-height analyzer. Various corrections were applied to the data and a least-squares fit was made to the results at each energy. The form of the fitting function was a power series in the cosine of the center-of-mass angle of the scattered pion. Integration under the fitted curves gave values for the total elastic cross sections (without charge exchange). The importance of certain angular-momentum states is discussed. The π−−p data are consistent with a D13 resonant state at 600 MeV, but do not necessarily require such a resonant state.

7 data tables match query

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pi--p Elastic Scattering at 310 MeV: Differential Cross Section and Recoil-Proton Polarization

Rugge, Hugo R. ; Vik, Olav T. ;
Phys.Rev. 129 (1963) 2300-2310, 1963.
Inspire Record 944977 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.623

The differential cross section and recoil-proton polarization in π−−p elastic scattering at 310-MeV incident-pion energy has been measured. The differential cross section was measured at 28 angles in the angular region 25<~θlab<~160 deg. The fractional rms errors were typically 3%. The reaction was observed by counting the scattered pions emerging from a liquid-hydrogen target with a counter telescope consisting of scintillation and Čerenkov counters. Simultaneously, the recoil-proton polarization was measured at four angles in the angular region 114<θc.m.<146 deg. The recoil protons from the liquid-hydrogen target were scattered from a carbon target and the left-right asymmetry was measured. Scintillation counters were used throughout to detect the particles.

2 data tables match query

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The Scattering of $\pi^{+}-$ Mesons on Hydrogen. I. Angular Distributions at Energies of 176, 200, 240, 270 and 307 MeV

Mukhin, A. I. ; Ozerov, E. B. ; Pontecorvo ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 4 (1957) 237-250, 1957.
Inspire Record 1388439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1187
2 data tables match query

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USE OF PI P ---> PI PI N REACTIONS TO STUDY PI PI SCATTERING IN THE ELASTIC INTERACTION REGION

Alekseeva, E.a. ; Kartamyshev, A.a. ; Makarin, V.k. ; et al.
Sov.Phys.JETP 55 (1982) 591-600, 1982.
Inspire Record 185170 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2406
3 data tables match query

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Pi p elastic scattering from 88 to 292 mev

Bussey, P.J. ; Carter, J.R. ; Dance, D.R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 58 (1973) 363-377, 1973.
Inspire Record 83985 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6770

Differential cross sections for π + p and π − p elastic scattering have been measured with an accuracy of typically ±2% at 10 and 9 energies respectively in the range 88 to 292 MeV of lab kinetic energy.

4 data tables match query

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Measurement of the pi- p ---> n pi0 and pi- p ---> n gamma differential cross-sections near the resonance p(11)(1460)

Cheze, J.B. ; Codreanu, N. ; Hamel, J.L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 72 (1974) 365-375, 1974.
Inspire Record 94658 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.7810

The π − p→n γ and π − p→n π ° differential cross sections have been measured for −0.9< cos θ ∗ <−0.45 (θ ∗ c.m. scattering angle) at 475 MeV/ c and 550 MeV/ c incident momenta. The π − p→n γ measurement is a good check of the detailed balance principle in the electromagnetic interactions of hadrons at these energies and is in good agreement with Walker's analysis. On the other hand the π − p→ π °n extrapolated values of 180° allows one to verify that the phases of the A 1 2 and A 3 2 amplitudes are equal.

4 data tables match query

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BACKWARD CROSS SECTION ESTIMATED BY LEGENDRE POLYNOMIAL FIT.

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Left-right Asymmetry in Inverse $\pi^-$ Photoproduction From a Transversely Polarized Proton Target

Kim, G.J. ; Adrian, S.D. ; Arends, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 56 (1986) 1779-1782, 1986.
Inspire Record 232117 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20259

Accurate measurements of the left-right asymmetry in π−p→γn at pπ=427−625 MeV/c with a transversely polarized target are reported. Results are compared with the predictions from the Arai and Fujii single-pion photoproduction partial-wave analysis and with data on the inverse process measured with a deuterium target. The agreement is poor, casting doubt on the correctness of the value for the radiative-decay amplitude of the neutral Roper resonance now in use.

3 data tables match query

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MEASUREMENT OF PI- P ---> PI- PI+ N NEAR THRESHOLD AND CHIRAL SYMMETRY BREAKING

Bjork, C.W. ; Jones, S.E. ; King, T.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 62-65, 1980.
Inspire Record 157275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20699

d2σdΩdT for π+ mesons produced in π−p→π−π+n was measured at seven incident energies between 203 and 357 MeV and the integrated reaction cross section was calculated. The matrix element, when extrapolated to threshold and compared with soft-pion calculations, determined the chiral-symmetry-breaking parameter ξ=0.05±0.26, which is consistent with the Weinberg Lagrangian. The large hard-pion contributions at 203 MeV demonstrated the absolute necessity for comparing at threshold.

1 data table match query

Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////).


Measurement of the Recoil Proton Polarization in Elastic $\pi^-p$ Scattering at $T_\pi=410$ and 492 MeV

Bareyre, P. ; Bricman, C. ; Longo, M.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 14 (1965) 878-880, 1965.
Inspire Record 945162 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21824
1 data table match query

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Measurement of the Recoil Proton Polarization in Elastic pi+p Scattering at Tpi=410and492 MeV

Bareyre, P. ; Bricman, C. ; Longo, M.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 14 (1965) 198-201, 1965.
Inspire Record 944925 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21847
1 data table match query

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The pi- p ---> pi0 n charge-exchange cross-sections between 90 mev and 290 mev

Bugg, D.V. ; Bussey, P.J. ; Dance, D.R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 26 (1971) 588-596, 1971.
Inspire Record 68770 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21877

Measurements have been made of the total charge-exchange cross section π − p to π 0 n over the laboratory kinetic energy range 90 to 290 MeV. The data have an absolute accuracy of typically 1%, and have here been used to determine the pion-nucleon P 13 phase shift.

2 data tables match query

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The total cross-sections for pion-proton scattering between 70 mev and 290 mev

Carter, A.A. ; Williams, J.R. ; Bugg, D.V. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 26 (1971) 445-460, 1971.
Inspire Record 68771 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21874

Measurements have been made of the π ∓ proton total cross sections over the laboratory kinetic energy range 70 to 290 MeV. The absolute accuracy of the data is generally 0.5 %, but decreases to 1 % for some points where applied corrections are large or where low particle fluxes limit the statistical accuracy.

2 data tables match query

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Differential cross-sections of pi- p ---> gamma n for 317, 452, and 491 mev/c incident pion momentum

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 621-643, 1974.
Inspire Record 93116 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21950

The differential cross sections of π−p→γn at center-of-mass energy Ẽ=1363, 1337, and 1245 MeV are presented. The angular distributions are compared with recent γn→π−p experiments. Though the cross sections for π−p→γn are somewhat lower than those for the inverse reaction, when all uncertainties are considered, we find that our data are in acceptable agreement at all three energies with the inverse reaction determined from π−π+ ratio measurements, in support of time-reversal invariance. The agreement with bubble-chamber measurements at Ẽ=1363 and 1337 MeV is less satisfactory. The isotensor dip test applied to our data is inconclusive. Our measurements are compared with many multipole analyses, disagreeing with most, in particular with pure fixed- t dispersion relation calculations. We find no evidence, in the sense suggested by Donnachie, for the classification of the P11(1470) resonance in an SU(3) antidecuplet. The data are consistent with a small radiative decay of the P11(1470) resonance, as predicted by quark models.

4 data tables match query

Axis error includes +- 4.5/4.5 contribution.

Axis error includes +- 4.2/4.2 contribution.

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Pion-nucleon total cross-sections from 0.4 to 0.90 gev/c

Davidson, D. ; Bowen, T. ; Caldwell, P.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 1199-1202, 1972.
Inspire Record 73938 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22266

The total cross sections of π± on protons in the momentum interval from 0.40 to 0.90 GeV/c have been measured with high relative precision. In this interval the statistical error varies between 10 and 20 μb. No new structure is observed.

1 data table match query

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Polarized target asymmetry in pion proton bremsstrahlung at 298-MeV

Bosshard, A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bistirlich, J.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 2619-2622, 1990.
Inspire Record 303404 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22827

First data are presented for the polarized-target asymmetry in the reaction π+p→π+pγ at an incident pion energy of 298 MeV. The geometry was chosen to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation of the magnetic dipole moment μΔ of the Δ++(1232 MeV). A fit of the asymmetry in the cross section d5σ/dΩπ dΩγ dk as a function of the photon energy k to predictions from a recent isobar-model calculation with μΔ as the only free parameter yields μΔ=1.64(±0.19expΔ,±0.14 theor)μp. Though this value agrees with bag-model corrections to the SU(6) prediction μΔ=2μp, further clarifications on the model dependence of the result are needed, in particular since the isobar model fails to describe both the cross section and the asymmetry at the highest photon energies.

2 data tables match query

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Measurement of the left-right asymmetry in pi- p ---> gamma n from 301-GeV/c to 625-MeV/c at backward angles

Kim, G.J. ; Engelage, J. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 43 (1991) 687-695, 1991.
Inspire Record 316108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22828

The left-right asymmetry of π−p→γn has been measured using a transversely polarized target at seven pion momenta from 301 to 625 MeV/c, mostly at photon angles of 90° and 110° c.m. The final-state γ and neutron were detected in coincidence. Neutrons were recorded in two arrays of plastic scintillators and the γ's in two matching sets of lead-glass counters. The results are compared with the predictions from the two most recent single-pion photoproduction partial-wave analyses. The agreement with the analysis of Arai and Fujii is poor, casting some doubt on the correctness of their values for the radiative decay amplitude of the neutral Roper resonance which are used widely. The agreement is much better with the results of the VPI analysis. Also, a comparison is made with the recoil-proton polarization data from the inverse reaction measured at 90° with a deuterium target. It reveals substantial discrepancies, indicating the shortcomings of the deuterium experiments for neutron target experiments. Our data are also compared with several bag-model calculations.

3 data tables match query

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Spin rotation parameters A and R for pi+ p and pi- p elastic scattering from 427-MeV/c to 657-MeV/c

Supek, I. ; Barlow, D.B. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 47 (1993) 1762-1775, 1993.
Inspire Record 362062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22623

The spin-rotation parameters A and R and the related spin-rotation angle β have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering using protons polarized in the scattering plane. The pion-beam momenta are 427, 471, 547, 625, and 657 MeV/c and the angular range is −0.9≤cosΘc.m.≤0.3. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence, using a scintillator hodoscope for the pions, and the Large Acceptance Spectrometer combined with the JANUS polarimeter for the recoil protons. The results are compared with the four recent πN partial wave analyses (PWA's). Our data show that the major features of these PWA's are correct. The A and R measurements complete our program of pion-nucleon experiments, providing full data sets at three of the above beam momenta. Such sets can be used to test the constraints in the PWA's or to obtain a model-independent set of πN scattering amplitudes.

6 data tables match query

BETA is the spin-rotation angle.

BETA is the spin-rotation angle.

BETA is the spin-rotation angle.

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Analyzing power for pi- p charge exchange in the backward hemisphere from 301-MeV/c to 625-MeV/c and a test of pi N partial wave analyses

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Engelage, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 733-743, 1990.
Inspire Record 301242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22935

The analyzing power of π−p→π0n has been measured for pπ=301−625 MeV/c with a transversely polarized target, mainly in the backward hemisphere. The final-state neutron and a γ from the π0 were detected in coincidence with two counter arrays. Our results are compared with predictions of recent πN partial-wave analyses by the groups of Karlsruhe-Helsinki, Carnegie-Mellon University-Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (CMU-LBL), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI). At the lower incident energies little difference is seen among the three analyses, and there is excellent agreement with our data. At 547 MeV/c and above, our data strongly favor the VPI phases, and disagree with Karlsruhe-Helsinki and CMU-LBL analyses, which are the source of the πN resonance parameters given in the Particle Data Group table.

3 data tables match query

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (Uncertainty in background normalisation).

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (Uncertainty in background normalisation).

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (Uncertainty in background normalisation).


DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION FOR PI- P ---> GAMMA N FROM 427-MEV/C TO 625-MEV/C

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 244-247, 1989.
Inspire Record 285141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23110

Differential cross sections for π−p→γn have been determined from 427 to 625 MeV/c, mainly at 90° and 110° c.m. The data were obtained by combining measurements of the Panofsky ratio in flight with known charge-exchange cross sections. The results are compared with γn→π−p data derived from γd experiments; the difference is typically 30%. The radiative decay amplitudes of neutral πN resonances are therefore uncertain by at least 30%.

3 data tables match query

Charge exchange cross section from PWA.

PI- P --> GAMMA N cross section.

GAMMA N --> PI- P cross section calculated using detailed balance.


Analyzing Power for $\pi^- P$ Charge Exchange and a Test of Isospin Invariance Up to $\eta$ Threshold

Wightman, J.A. ; Eichon, A.D. ; Kim, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 36 (1987) 3529-3532, 1987.
Inspire Record 255689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23322

The analyzing power for π−p→π0n has been measured at five incident momenta from 547 to 687 MeV/c using a transversely polarized target. Data were obtained with scintillation counters at 10 angles simultaneously covering the range −0.9≤cosθc.m.π≤0.9. Our results and those of Kim et al. are used for a model-independent test of isospin invariance which is based on the triangle inequalities applied to the transversity-up as well as the transversity-down cross sections. No evidence is found of isospin violation.

1 data table match query

No description provided.


Recoil Proton Polarization in $\pi P$ Elastic Scattering at 547-{MeV}/c and 625-{MeV}/c

Seftor, C.J. ; Adrian, S.D. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2457-2463, 1989.
Inspire Record 282265 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23234

The polarization of the recoil proton in π+p and π−p elastic scattering using a liquid-hydrogen target has been measured for backward angles at 547 and 625 MeV/c. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using the large-acceptance spectrometer to detect and analyze the momentum of the pions and the JANUS polarimeter to identify and measure the polarization of the protons. Results from this experiment agree with other measurements of the recoil polarization, with analyzing-power data previously taken by this group, and with predictions of partial-wave analyses.

2 data tables match query

No description provided.

No description provided.


$\pi^- P$ Charge Exchange Analyzing Power From 547-{MeV}/c to 687-{MeV}/c

Wightman, J.A. ; Eichon, A.D. ; Kim, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 3365-3374, 1988.
Inspire Record 270260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23237

The π−p charge-exchange analyzing power has been measured from 547 to 687 MeV/c in the center-of-mass angular range -0.9≤cosθ̃π≤0.9 using a transversely polarized target. The recoil neutron was detected in coincidence with a photon from π0 decay. The results are compared with the three recent partial-wave analyses (PWA’s); the VPI analysis is most consistent with our measured distributions except at 687 MeV/c where no PWA agrees with our data. The charge-exchange transversity cross sections are evaluated using the differential cross sections of Borcherding et al. These transversity cross sections are used in conjunction with earlier π±p data by our group to test the triangle inequalities which are a model-independent test of isospin invariance. Our data satisfy these inequalities everywhere; in contrast, Abaev et al. have reported a violation of more than 5 standard deviations at 685 MeV/c.

1 data table match query

No description provided.


Differential Cross-sections for $\pi^+ P$ and $\pi^- P$ Elastic Scattering From 378-{MeV}/c to 687-{MeV}/c

Sadler, M.E. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; Fitzgerald, D.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 2718-2735, 1987.
Inspire Record 250023 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23362

Differential cross sections have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering at 378, 408, 427, 471, 509, 547, 586, 625, 657, and 687 MeV/c in the angular range -0.8<cosθc.m.<0.8. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using scintillation-counter hodoscopes. A liquid-hydrogen target was used except for measurements at forward angles, in which a CH2 target was used. Statistical uncertainties in the data are typically less than 1%. Systematic uncertainties in acceptance and detection efficiency are estimated to be 1%. Absolute normalization uncertainties are 2–3 % for most of the data. The measurements are compared with previous data and with the results of recent partial-wave analyses. The data are fit with Legendre expansions from which total elastic cross sections are obtained.

13 data tables match query

Normalisation uncertainty = 4.1 pct.

Normalisation uncertainty = 2.1 pct.

Normalisation uncertainty = 3.6 pct.

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Measurement of Pion Proton Bremsstrahlung for Pions at 299-{MeV}

Meyer, C.A. ; Amsler, Claude ; Bosshard, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 754-767, 1988.
Inspire Record 268867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23271

We have measured the fivefold differential cross section d5σ/dΩπdΩγdEγ for the process π+p→π+pγ with incident pions of energy 299 MeV. The angular regions for the outgoing pions (55°≤θlabπ≤95°), and photons (θlabγ=241°±10°) in coplanar geometry are selected to maximize the sensitivity to the radiation from the magnetic dipole moment of the Δ++(1232) resonance. At low photon energies, the data agree with the soft-photon approximation to pion-proton bremsstrahlung. At forward pion angles the data agree with older data and with the latest theoretical calculations for 2.3μp≤μΔ≤3.3μp. However at more backward pion angles where no data existed, the predictions fail.

2 data tables match query

No description provided.

No description provided.


PRECISE MEASUREMENT OF THE PION CHARGE EXCHANGE FORWARD DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION AT 522-MEV/C

Gaille, F.C. ; Highland, V.L. ; Auerbach, L.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 30 (1984) 2408-2410, 1984.
Inspire Record 215121 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23596

A precise measurement of the differential cross section at zero degrees for the pion charge-exchange reaction π−p→π0n at pπ=522 MeV/c has been made. The result is dσdΩ (0∘)=4.32±0.11 mb/sr.

1 data table match query

DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTION AT THETA = 0.


A MEASUREMENT OF THE ANALYZING POWER FOR PION - PROTON ELASTIC SCATTERING BETWEEN 471-MeV/c AND 687-MeV/c

Mokhtari-Amirmajdi, Alireza ;
PhD Thesis, 1985.
Inspire Record 217838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23514
4 data tables match query

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.

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MEASUREMENT OF THE ASYMMETRY PARAMETER A IN PI- P ELASTIC AND CHARGE EXCHANGE SCATTERING AT PION ENERGIES T (PI) = 98-MEV, 238-MEV, 292-MEV, AND 310-MEV

Alder, J.c. ; Joseph, C. ; Perroud, J.p. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 27 (1983) 1040-1055, 1983.
Inspire Record 192365 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23839

The asymmetry parameter A in π−p elastic scattering at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies Tπ of 98, 238, and 2922 MeV and in π−p charge-exchange scattering π−p→π0n at Tπ=238, 292, and 310 MeV have been measured over a wide range of scattering angles (typically from about 60° to 130° c.m.) with a polarized proton target. The data have been used in an energy-independent phase-shift analysis to improve the precision of the pion-nucleon phase shifts, to set new limits on violation of isospin conservation in the pion-nucleon S wave, and to confirm significant charge dependence in the P32 wave.

3 data tables match query

Axis error includes +- 0.0/0.0 contribution (?////BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION SMALL).

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION).

Axis error includes +- 5/5 contribution (BACKGROUND SUBTRACTION).


Measurement of pi- p ---> pi0 pi0 n from threshold to p(pi-) 750-MeV/c

The Crystal Ball collaboration Prakhov, S. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; Allgower, C.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045202, 2004.
Inspire Record 647544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25355

Reaction π−p→π0π0n has been measured with high statistics in the beam momentum range 270–750MeV∕c. The data were obtained using the Crystal Ball multiphoton spectrometer, which has 93% of 4π solid angle coverage. The dynamics of the π−p→π0π0n reaction and the dependence on the beam energy are displayed in total cross sections, Dalitz plots, invariant-mass spectra, and production angular distributions. Special attention is paid to the evaluation of the acceptance that is needed for the precision determination of the total cross section σt(π−p→π0π0n). The energy dependence of σt(π−p→π0π0n) shows a shoulder at the Roper resonance [i.e., the N(1440)12+], and there is also a maximum near the N(1520)32−. It illustrates the importance of these two resonances to the π0π0 production process. The Dalitz plots are highly nonuniform; they indicate that the π0π0n final state is dominantly produced via the π0Δ0(1232) intermediate state. The invariant-mass spectra differ much from the phase-space distributions. The production angular distributions are also different from the isotropic distribution, and their structure depends on the beam energy. For beam momenta above 550MeV∕c, the density distribution in the Dalitz plots strongly depends on the angle of the outgoing dipion system (or equivalently on the neutron angle). The role of the f0(600) meson (also known as the σ) in π0π0n production remains controversial.

2 data tables match query

Measured total cross section. Statistical errors only.

Differential angular distributions of the 2PI0 system for the LH2 data at beam momenta 355 to 472 MeV/c. Statistical errors only.


Measurement of the pi- p ---> 3 pi0 n total cross-section from threshold to 0.75-GeV/c

Starostin, A. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; Manley, D.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 67 (2003) 068201, 2003.
Inspire Record 620818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25279

We report a new measurement of the π−p→3π0n total cross section from threshold to pπ=0.75GeV/c. The cross section near the N(1535)12− resonance is only a few μb after subtracting the large η→3π0 background associated with π−p→ηn. A simple analysis of our data results in the estimated branching fraction B[S11→πN(1440)12+]=(8±2)%. This is the first such estimate obtained with a three-pion production reaction.

1 data table match query

Total cross section from threshold to 750 MeV. Only statistical errors are given in the table.


Exclusive measurements of pi+- p --> pi+ pi+- n near threshold

The CHAOS collaboration Kermani, M. ; Amaudruz, P.A. ; Bonutti, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 58 (1998) 3419-3430, 1998.
Inspire Record 483005 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25726

The pion induced pion production reactions π±p→π+π±n were studied at projectile incident energies of 223, 243, 264, 284, and 305 MeV, using a cryogenic liquid hydrogen target. The Canadian High Acceptance Orbit Spectrometer was used to detect the two outgoing pions in coincidence. The experimental results are presented in the form of single differential cross sections. Total cross sections obtained by integrating the differential quantities are also reported. In addition, the invariant mass distributions from the (π+π−) channel were fitted to determine the parameters for an extended model based on that of Oset and Vicente-Vacas. We find the model parameters obtained from fitting the (π+π−) data do not describe the invariant mass distributions in the (π+π+) channel.

2 data tables match query

Total cross sections were obtained by integrating the differential cross section over all three variables: M(pi,pi)**2, t, Cos(Theta(pi)).

Total cross sections were obtained by integrating the differential cross section over all three variables: M(pi,pi)**2, t, Cos(Theta(pi)).


Measurement of Polarization in pi-p Elastic Scattering from 229 to 390 MeV

Arens, John F. ; Chamberlain, Owen ; Dost, Helmut E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 167 (1968) 1261-1267, 1968.
Inspire Record 944940 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26509

The polarization parameter in elastic π−p scattering has been measured, at the Berkeley 184-in. synchrocyclotron, with the use of a polarized proton target. At 318-, 337-, and 390-MeV incident pion kinetic energy, the angular range from 70° to 180° in the center-of-mass system was covered. At 229 MeV, polarization measurements were made in the angular range 150° to 180°. Phase-shift analyses, using these and other published data, were made at the two lowest energies.

3 data tables match query

No description provided.

No description provided.

No description provided.