Study of Neutrino Interactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium: Inelastic Charged Current Reactions

Barish, S.J. ; Derrick, M. ; Dombeck, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 2521, 1979.
Inspire Record 7237 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24295

This paper gives the results of a study of inelastic charged-current interactions of muon-type neutrinos with hydrogen and deuterium targets using the Argonne 12-foot bubble chamber. We discuss in detail the separation of the events from background. For the single-pion production reactions νp→μ−pπ+, νn→μ−nπ+, and νn→μ−pπ0, energy-dependent cross sections, differential cross sections, invariant-mass distributions, and the Δ++(1236) decay angular distribution are presented. These data are also used to study the isospin properties of the πN system. Comparisons of the data with models of single-pion production are made, and a direct test of partial conservation of the axial-vector current is discussed. Cross sections and invariant-mass distributions are given for the reactions in which more than one pion is produced. Ten events of strange-particle production were found, and the properties of these events are discussed. The energy dependence of the total νp and νn cross sections from threshold to 6 GeV was determined, and the σ(νn)σ(νp) ratio measured. This ratio and the inclusive x and y distributions rapidly approach the scaling distributions expected from the quark-parton model.

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Production of the F(0) Meson in Photon-photon Collisions

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Fenner, H. ; Schachter, M.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 23 (1984) 223, 1984.
Inspire Record 199731 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16320

The production of thef0 in two photon collisions, with the subsequent decayf0→π+π− has been observed in the CELLO detector at PETRA. Thef0 peak was found to lie on a dipion continuum and to be shifted downwards in mass by ≃50 MeV/c2. The ππ mass spectrum from 0.8 to 1.5 GeV/c2 was well fitted by the model of Mennessier using only a unitarised Born amplitude and helicity 2f0 amplitude. The previously observed mass shift and distortion of thef0 peak are explained by strong interference between the Born andf0 amplitudes. The only free parameter in the fit of the data to the model is the radiative widthΓγγ(f0). It was found that:Γγγ(f0)=2.5±0.1±0.5 keV where the first (second) quoted errors are statistical (systematic).

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Limit on the B ---> u Coupling from Semileptonic B Decay

The CLEO collaboration Chen, A. ; Goldberg, M. ; Horwitz, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 52 (1984) 1084, 1984.
Inspire Record 199380 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20474

We have used the momentum spectrum of leptons produced in semileptonic B-meson decays to set a 90%-confidence-level upper limit on Γ(b→ulν)Γ(b→clν) of 4%. We also measure the semileptonic branching fractions of the B meson to be (12.0±0.7±0.5)% for electrons and (10.8±0.6±1.0)% for muons.

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Cross Sections for the Reactions e+e- --> K+ K- pi+pi-, K+ K- pi0pi0, and K+ K- K+ K- Measured Using Initial-State Radiation Events

The BaBar collaboration Lees, J.P. ; Poireau, V. ; Prencipe, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 86 (2012) 012008, 2012.
Inspire Record 892684 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62222

We study the processes e+e- --> K+ K- pi+pi-gamma, K+ K- pi0pi0gamma, and K+ K- K+ K-gamma, where the photon is radiated from the initial state. About 84000, 8000, and 4200 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 454 fb-1 of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the \epem center-of-mass energy, so that the K+ K- pi+pi- data can be compared with direct measurements of the e+e- --> K+ K- pi+pi- reaction. No direct measurements exist for the e+e- --> K+ K-pi0pi0 or e+e- --> K+ K-K+ K- reactions, and we present an update of our previous result with doubled statistics. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and extract their cross sections. In particular, we perform a more detailed study of the e+e- --> phi(1020)pipigamma reaction, and confirm the presence of the Y(2175) resonance in the phi(1020) f0(980) and K+K-f0(980) modes. In the charmonium region, we observe the J/psi in all three final states and in several intermediate states, as well as the psi(2S) in some modes, and measure the corresponding product of branching fraction and electron width.

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Measurements of $e^{+} e^{-} \to K^{+} K^{-} \eta$, $K^{+} K^{-} \pi^0$ and $K^0_{s} K^\pm \pi^\mp$ cross- sections using initial state radiation events

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 77 (2008) 092002, 2008.
Inspire Record 765258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50372

This paper reports measurements of processes: e+e- -> gamma KsK+pi-, e+e- -> gamma K+K-pi0, e+e- -> gamma phi eta, and e+e- -> gamma phi pi0. The initial state radiated photon allows to cover the hadronic final state in the energy range from thresholds up to ~4.6 GeV. The overall size of the data sample analyzed is 232 fb-1, collected by the BaBar detector running at the PEP-II e+e- storage ring. From the Dalitz plot analysis of the KsK+pi- final state, moduli and relative phase of the isoscalar and the isovector components of the e+e- -> K K*(892) cross section are determined. Parameters of phi and rho recurrences are also measured, using a global fitting procedure which exploits the interconnection among amplitudes, moduli and phases of the e+e- -> KsK+pi-, K+K-pi0, phi eta final states. The cross section for the OZI-forbidden process e+e- -> phi pi0, and the J/psi branching fractions to KK*(892) and K+K-eta are also measured.

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The e+ e- ---> 2(pi+ pi-) pi0, 2(pi+ pi-) eta, K+ K- pi+ pi- pi0 and K+ K- pi+ pi- eta Cross Sections Measured with Initial-State Radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 76 (2007) 092005, 2007.
Inspire Record 758568 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51824

We study the processes $e^+ e^-\to 2(\pi^+\pi^-)\pi^0\gamma$, $2(\pi^+\pi^-)\eta\gamma$, $K^+ K^-\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0\gamma$ and $K^+ K^-\pi^+\pi^-\eta\gamma$ with the hard photon radiated from the initial state. About 20000, 4300, 5500 and 375 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 232 fb$^{-1}$ of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective $e^+ e^-$ center-of-mass energy, so that the obtained cross sections from the threshold to about 5 GeV can be compared with corresponding direct \epem measurements, currently available only for the $\eta\pi^+\pi^-$ and $\omega\pi^+\pi^-$ submodes of the $e^+ e^-\to 2(\pi^+\pi^-)\pi^0$ channel. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and we extract their cross sections where possible. In particular, we isolate the contribution from $e^+ e^-\to\omega(782)\pi^+\pi^-$ and study the $\omega(1420)$ and $\omega(1650)$ resonances. In the charmonium region, we observe the $J/\psi$ in all these final states and several intermediate states, as well as the $\psi(2S)$ in some modes, and we measure the corresponding branching fractions.

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The $e^+e^- \to 3(\pi^+ \pi^-), 2(\pi^+ \pi^- \pi^0)$ and $K^+ K^- 2(\pi^+ \pi^-)$ cross sections at center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5-GeV measured with initial-state radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Barate, R. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 73 (2006) 052003, 2006.
Inspire Record 709730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41843

We study the processes e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-)gamma, 2(pi+pi-pi0)gamma and K+ K- 2(pi+pi-)gamma, with the photon radiated from the initial state. About 20,000, 33,000 and 4,000 fully reconstructed events, respectively, have been selected from 232 fb-1 of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective e+e- center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct e+e- measurements. From the 3(pi+pi-), 2(pi+pi-pi0) and K+ K- 2(pi+pi-) mass spectra, the cross sections for the processes e+ e- --> 3(pi+pi-), e+ e- --> 2(pi+pi-pi0) and e+ e- --> K+ K- 2(pi+pi-) are measured for center-of-mass energies from production threshold to 4.5 GeV. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 6-15%. We observe the J/psi in all these final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

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Inclusive Lambda(c)+ Production in e+ e- Annihilations at s**(1/2) = 10.54-GeV and in Upsilon(4S) Decays

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Bona, M. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 75 (2007) 012003, 2007.
Inspire Record 725377 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22089

We present measurements of the total production rates and momentum distributions of the charmed baryon $\Lambda_c^+$ in $e^+e^- \to$ hadrons at a center-of-mass energy of 10.54 GeV and in $\Upsilon(4S)$ decays. In hadronic events at 10.54 GeV, charmed hadrons are almost exclusively leading particles in $e^+e^- \to c\bar{c}$ events, allowing direct studies of $c$-quark fragmentation. We measure a momentum distribution for $\Lambda_c^+$ baryons that differs significantly from those measured previously for charmed mesons. Comparing with a number of models, we find none that can describe the distribution completely. We measure an average scaled momentum of $\left< x_p \right> = 0.574\pm$0.009 and a total rate of $N_{\Lambda c}^{q\bar{q}} = 0.057\pm$0.002(exp.)$\pm$0.015(BF) $\Lambda_c^+$ per hadronic event, where the experimental error is much smaller than that due to the branching fraction into the reconstructed decay mode, $pK^-\pi^+$. In $\Upsilon (4S)$ decays we measure a total rate of $N_{\Lambda c}^{\Upsilon} = 0.091\pm$0.006(exp.)$\pm$0.024(BF) per $\Upsilon(4S)$ decay, and find a much softer momentum distribution than expected from B decays into a $\Lambda_c^+$ plus an antinucleon and one to three pions.

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The $e^+e^- \to \pi^+ \pi^- \pi^+ \pi^-$, $K^+ K^- \pi^+ \pi^-$, and $K^+ K^- K^+ K^-$ cross sections at center-of-mass energies 0.5-GeV - 4.5-GeV measured with initial-state radiation

The BaBar collaboration Aubert, Bernard ; Barate, R. ; Boutigny, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 71 (2005) 052001, 2005.
Inspire Record 676691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22111

We study the process $e^+e^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-\gamma$, with a hard photon radiated from the initial state. About 60,000 fully reconstructed events have been selected from 89 $fb^{-1}$ of BaBar data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the effective \epem center-of-mass energy, so that these data can be compared with the corresponding direct $e^+e^-$ measurements. From the $4\pi$-mass spectrum, the cross section for the process $e^+e^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^+\pi^-$ is measured for center-of-mass energies from 0.6 to 4.5 $GeV/c^2$. The uncertainty in the cross section measurement is typically 5%. We also measure the cross sections for the final states $K^+ K^- \pi^+\pi^-$ and $K^+ K^- K^+ K^-$. We observe the $J/\psi$ in all three final states and measure the corresponding branching fractions. We search for X(3872) in $J/\psi (\to\mu^+\mu^-) \pi^+\pi^-$ and obtain an upper limit on the product of the $e^+e^-$ width of the X(3872) and the branching fraction for $X(3872) \to J/\psi\pi^+\pi^-$.

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ELECTROPRODUCTION CROSS-SECTIONS IN THE RESONANCE REGION MEASURED AT LARGE SCATTERING ANGLES

Gerhardt, B. ; Muller, H. ; Drees, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 7 (1980) 11-15, 1980.
Inspire Record 160216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14097

To complete data on resonance electroproduction we constructed an electron spectrometer with large angular and momentum acceptance. As a first result inclusive cross sections for an invariant hadronic mass 1.2<W<1.7 GeV and a four momentum transfer squared 0.5<Q2<1.5 (GeV/c)2 and for values of the polarization parameter 0.1<ɛ<0.25 are presented. Combining our results with the SLAC 4°-data we obtain σL/σT in the specified kinematical range.

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INELASTIC ELECTRON PHOTON SCATTERING AT MODERATE FOUR MOMENTUM TRANSFERS

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 99 (1981) 287-291, 1981.
Inspire Record 155594 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27125

We present new high statistics data on hadron production in photon-photon reactions. The data are analyzed in terms of an electron-photon scattering formalism. The dependence of the total cross section of Q 2 , the four-momentum transfer squared of the scattered electron, and on the mass W of the hadronic system is investigated. The data are compared to predictions from Vector-Meson Dominance and the quark model.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> eta gamma in center-of-mass energy range 600-MeV to 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Anashkin, E.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 509 (2001) 217-226, 2001.
Inspire Record 554522 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27025

The cross section of the process e+ e- ---> eta gamma has been measured in the 600-1380 MeV c.m. energy range with the CMD-2 detector. The following branching ratios have been determined: B(rho ---> eta gamma) = (3.28 +- 0.37 +- 0.23) 10^{-4}, B(omega ---> eta gamma) = (5.10 +- 0.72 +- 0.34) 10^{-4}, B(phi --> eta gamma) = (1.287 +- 0.013 +- 0.063) 10^{-2}. Evidence for the rho'(1450) ---> eta gamma decay has been obtained for the first time.

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FORWARD ELECTROPRODUCTION OF CHARGED PIONS FROM DEUTERONS AT Q**2 = 1.0-GeV/c**2

Morris, J.V. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 86 (1979) 211-214, 1979.
Inspire Record 140702 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27310

The ratio of π - to π + electroproduction cross sections from deuterium has been measured in the resonance region, at a four-momentum transfer squared close to −1.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Results in the forward direction are presented and a comparison is made with predictions based on SU(6) W and the Melosh transformation.

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Hadron Production From Photon - Photon Interactions in the Center-of-mass Energy Range From 1-{GeV} to 5-{GeV}

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 89 (1979) 120-124, 1979.
Inspire Record 142875 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27291

We present the first data on photon-photon annihilation into hadrons for CM energies > 1 GeV obtained with the detector PLUTO at the e + e − storage ring PETRA. Cross sections are extracted using an inelastic eγ scattering formalism. The results are compared to expectations from Regge-like models.

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Forward Electroproduction of Single Charged Pions in the Resonance Region Using a Deuterium Target

Morris, J.V. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 73 (1978) 495-499, 1978.
Inspire Record 122614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27480

The rates for forward electroproduction of single charged pions from deutrium have been measured in the resonance region, at a virtual photon mass squared ≈−0.5( GeV/ c 2 ) 2 . Results are presented in the form of a π − to π + cross-section ratio.

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Inclusive K0(s) Production in e+ e- Annihilation at Energies of 3.6-GeV to 5.0-GeV

The PLUTO collaboration Burmester, J. ; Criegee, L. ; Dehne, H.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 67 (1977) 367-370, 1977.
Inspire Record 118873 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27568

We have measured the production cross section for K s 0 in e + e − annihilation from 3.6 to 5.0 GeV center of mass energy. A substantial increase of the K s 0 yield is observed around 4 GeV in qualitative agreement with the charm hypothesis.

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The Energy Dependence of Sigma (e+ e- --> Hadrons) in the Total Center-Of-Mass Energy Range 1.2-GeV to 3.0-GeV

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 51 (1974) 200-204, 1974.
Inspire Record 89816 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27933

We have observed 1085 events of the type e + e − → hadrons, in the total centre-of-mass energy range √ s = 1.2 to 3.0 GeV. The energy dependence of the total annihilation cross-section, parametrized in the form σ ( e + e − → hadrons ) = A · s n , is measured to be n = -(1.54 −0.29 +0.17 ) in the above energy range.

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Cross-Section Measurements for the Exclusive Reaction e+ e- --> 4 pi+- in the Energy Range 1.2-GeV to 3.0-GeV

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 53 (1974) 384-386, 1974.
Inspire Record 90250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27914

We have measured the crosss section for the reaction e + e − → 4 π ± in the energy range 1 2–3.0 GeV.No statistically significant evidence for a new vector meson in the ϱ″ region is found.

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Study of Neutrino Interactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium. 1. Description of the Experiment and Study of the Reaction Neutrino d --> mu- p p(s)

Barish, S.J. ; Campbell, J. ; Charlton, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 3103, 1977.
Inspire Record 5566 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24481

This paper gives a detailed description of an experiment which studies the interactions of muon-type neutrinos in hydrogen and deuterium. The experiment was performed at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron using the wide-band neutrino beam incident on the Argonne 12-foot bubble chamber filled with hydrogen and deuterium. The neutrino energy spectrum peaks at 0.5 GeV and has a tail extending to 6 GeV. The shape and intensity of the flux is determined using measurements of pion yields from beryllium. The produced pions are focused by one or (for the latter part of the experiment) two magnetic horns. A total of 364000 pictures were taken with a hydrogen filling of the bubble chamber and 903 000 with a deuterium filling. The scanning and other analyses of the events are described. The most abundant reaction occurs off neutrons and is quasi-elastic scattering νd→μ−pps. The separation of these events from background channels is discussed. The total and differential cross sections are analyzed to obtain the axial-vector form factor of the nucleon. Our result, expressed in terms of a dipole form factor, gives an axial-vector mass of 0.95±0.09 GeV. A comparison is made to previous measurements using neutrino beams, and also to determinations based upon threshold pion electroproduction experiments. In addition, the data are used to measure the weak vector form factor and so check the conserved-vector-current hypothesis.

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Polarization of the Recoil Proton from pi0 Photoproduction in Hydrogen

Maloy, J.O. ; Peterson, V.Z. ; Salandin, G.A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 139 (1965) B733-B746, 1965.
Inspire Record 944960 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26657

The polarization of the recoil proton in neutral single-pion photoproduction from hydrogen, γ+p→p+π0, has been measured for pion center-of-mass angles near 90° at 7 photon energies from 450 to 900 MeV. The polarization rises to a maximum of 0.58 near 600 MeV and is still 0.42 at 900 MeV. The sign of the polarization is negative in the sense of k×q, where k is the photon momentum and q is the pion momentum. The measured values are given as functions of laboratory photon energy and c.m. pion angle as follows: 450 MeV, 109°, -0.16±0.14; 525 MeV, 84°, -0.36±0.19; 585 MeV, 86°, -0.58±0.15; 660 MeV, 77°, -0.51±0.17; 755 MeV, 76°, -0.55±0.15; 810 MeV, 89°, -0.45±0.17; 895 MeV, 90°, -0.42±0.16. The recoil protons were momentum-analyzed with a magnetic spectrometer. Nuclear emulsion was used as scatterer and detector. The emulsion technique is discussed in detail. The number of individual scatterings in emulsion used for each measurement varied between 750 and 1000.

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Angular distributions for single neutral pion photoproduction from neutrons at 450-800 mev

Bacci, C. ; Baldini-Celio, R. ; Esposito, B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 39 (1972) 559-562, 1972.
Inspire Record 75766 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28319

Differential cross sections for single photoproduction of neutral pion on neutron have been measured at different c.m. angles for photon energies, between 450–800 MeV.

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Inclusive hadron photoproduction from longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons

The E155 collaboration Anthony, P.L. ; Arnold, R.G. ; Averett, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 458 (1999) 536-544, 1999.
Inspire Record 495554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28074

We report measurements of the asymmetry A_parallel for inclusive hadron production on longitudinally polarized proton and deuteron targets by circularly polarized photons. The photons were produced via internal and external bremsstrahlung from an electron beam of 48.35 GeV. Asymmetries for both positive and negative signed hadrons, and a subset of identified pions, were measured in the momentum range 10<P<30 GeV at 2.75 and 5.5 degrees. Small non-zero asymmetries are observed for the proton, while the deuteron results are consistent with zero. Recent calculations do not describe the data well.

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Neutral pion photoproduction from protons at forward angles in the energy region between 350 mev and 1175 mev

Hemmi, Y. ; Inagaki, Y. ; Inagaki, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 43 (1973) 79-84, 1973.
Inspire Record 84945 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28128

The differential cross section for the reaction γp → π 0 p at forward angles has been measured in the energy region between 350 MeV and 1175 MeV. A phenomenological multiple analysis was carried out on the present data together with other data.

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Total cross-section measurement for the three double pion production channels on the proton

Braghieri, A ; Murphy, L.Y ; Ahrens, J ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 363 (1995) 46-50, 1995.
Inspire Record 382744 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28464

The total cross sections for the three γp → Nππ reactions have been measured for photon energies from 400 to 800 MeV. The γ p → p π 0 π 0 and γ p → n π + π 0 cross sections have never been measured before while the γ p → p π + π − results are much improved compared to earlier data. These measurements were performed with the large acceptance hadronic detector DAPHNE, at the tagged photon beam facility of the MAMI microtron in Mainz.

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The timelike electromagnetic form-factors of the charged pseudoscalar mesons from 1.44-GeV**2 to 9.0-GeV**2

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 46 (1973) 261-264, 1973.
Inspire Record 85277 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28063

The study of 620 hadron pairs produced in the s -range (1.44−9.0) GeV 2 , has yielded 110 collinear hadronic events. Their identification in terms of π and K mesons allows the determination of the time-like electromagnetic from factors of these pseudoscalar mesons in the above time-like range. The total number of (e + e − ) events observed in the same experimental conditions is 18 048.

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